African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Physiological aspects in cotton cultivars in response to application leaf gibberellic acid

Jussara Cristina Firmino da Costa
  • Jussara Cristina Firmino da Costa
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Programa de Pós-graduação em Fitotecnia, Viçosa-MG, Brazil.
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Demetrius Jose da Silva
  • Demetrius Jose da Silva
  • Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia, Areia-PB, Brazil.
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Antonio Gustavo de Luna Souto*
  • Antonio Gustavo de Luna Souto*
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Programa de Pós-graduação em Fitotecnia, Viçosa-MG, Brazil.
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Valdinei Sofiatti
  • Valdinei Sofiatti
  • Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Embrapa Algodão, Campina Grande - PB, Brazil.
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Luciana Domiciano Silva Rosado
  • Luciana Domiciano Silva Rosado
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Programa de Pós-graduação em Fitotecnia, Viçosa-MG, Brazil.
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Antonio Joao de Lima Neto
  • Antonio Joao de Lima Neto
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Programa de Pós-graduação em Fitotecnia, Viçosa-MG, Brazil.
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Carlos Eduardo Magalhaes dos Santos
  • Carlos Eduardo Magalhaes dos Santos
  • Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Programa de Pós-graduação em Fitotecnia, Viçosa-MG, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 15 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 21 December 2016
  •  Published: 26 January 2017

Abstract

The cotton plant is a species of the Malvaceae family and is relevant to the Brazilian and world economy, mainly because of the textile fiber. However, there was an increase in cotton production because it is necessary for the use of inputs or stimulants, such as the use of gibberellic acid, which has contributed in improving the physiological processes of plants. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of gibberellic acid doses and foliar application on the physiological aspects of different cotton cultivars. The experiment was conducted under field conditions in 5 × 3 factorial scheme, corresponding to five doses of gibberellic acid (0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.04 and 0.06 mg L-1) and three cultivars upland cotton (BRS 8H, BRS Rubi and BRS Safira) in the design of randomized blocks, three replications and 25 plants per plot. The photosynthetic pigments, which are represented by the contents of chlorophyll a and b, total, carotenoid and relative water content in the sheet were determined. In BRS 8H the chlorophyll levels were high, 287.914 µmol m-2 to 468.796 µmol m-2 being the treatments without and sprayed with 0.06 mg L-1 GA3, with 62.82% increase. The application of 0.06 mg L-1 GA3 generally promotes increased levels of photosynthetic pigments and relative water content in cotton leaves. The cotton BRS 8H was the culture that best meets the application of gibberellic acid.

Key words:  Genetic material, Gossypium hirsutum L., photosynthetic pigments phytohormone.