African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of post-anthesis water deficit on yield and some physiological parameters on two wheat cultivars

Saeed Saeedipour
Department of Agronomy, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 31 October 2011
  •  Published: 05 October 2012

Abstract

This work investigates the effects of water deficit on physiologic parameters related to yield in two wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.), Marvdasht and Zagros (sensitive and tolerant to terminal season drought, respectively) grown in pots under well watered and water-stressed starting from anthesis until maturity. All physiological parameters were affected by drought stress. Results showed that, water deficits enhanced the senescence by accelerating loss of leaf chlorophyll and soluble proteins and the loss was more in Marvdasht than Zagros. The net CO2 assimilation rate (PN) in flag leaves during water deficit display a strict correlation with the drought sensitivity of the genotypes and showed an early reduction in Marvdasht. Water stress resulted in a marked increase in leaf proline content of the drought-tolerant that led to alleviate the deleterious effect of water stress whereas, a slightly increment at the end of grain development observed in drought sensitive cv. The effect of drought on grain yield was primarily due to the significant reduction in grain weight, particularly in drought-sensitive. The results indicate that grain filling processes under water restriction are limited by low substrate availability and reduced synthesis capacity of the sink. These results raise the possibility that water stress-induced elevated levels of proline in Zagros contribute to reduce harmful of stress during grain filling.

 

Key words: Chlorophyll, flag leaves, grain yield, proline, soluble proteins, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).