African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6666

Full Length Research Paper

Analyzing the immediate effects of in-service education on expert attitude level regarding the importance of soil conservation by using Solomon four group design in Jihade Keshavarzi in Ahwaz Township

Azadeh N. Noorivandi* and Ahmad Reza Ommani
Department of Agricultural Management, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 March 2012
  •  Published: 30 April 2012


Advanced in-service education has provided the development regarding individual's knowledge and attitude level, in the high quality form. The application of in-service education has been a key component of knowledge and attitude improvement of Jihad Keshavarzi experts. The study utilized experimental Solomon four group designs to determine the effect of in-service education on Jihad Keshavarzi experts' attitude regarding soil conservation importance. Results demonstrated that subjects learned from the presented course and achieved higher level of attitude, and demonstrated that there is significant difference among attitude level of clients. Post hoc analysis demonstrated that participants in treatment groups (E and C2) answered significantly greater numbers of questions correctly on the post-test exams and achieved significantly higher level of attitude than the control groups (Cand C3) and there was significant difference between attitude level of participants in pretest and posttest in E group but there was no significant different between attitude level of participants in pretest and posttest in C1 group.


Key word: Jihad Keshavarzi experts, Solomon four group design, in-service educational, soil conservation.