African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6668

Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of access patterns to goods and services from wetlands in Tanzania and the impact on sustainable wetland management

Felister Mombo1*, Stijn Speelman1, John Kessy2 Joseph Hella3 and Guido van Huylenbroeck1
  1Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Bio-science engineering, Ghent University, Coupure links 653, 9000 Gent, Belgium. 2Department of Forest Economics, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, P. O. Box 3011 Morogoro, Tanzania. 3Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 3007, Morogoro, Tanzania.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 July 2012
  •  Published: 29 October 2012



Wetlands perform vital role in providing useful goods and services to mankind. Because of their importance, human beings interactions with the wetlands’ physical environment have caused some of them to be highly degraded. Due to characteristic nature of wetlands being a common pool resource (CPRs), most researchers claim their degradation to be a result of poor institutions governing the interactions. Wetlands in Tanzania are very useful especially, in areas where agriculture is most prevalent. High pressure to exploit fertile and moist land in those areas has caused wetlands to be highly degraded. This study focused on the rules and regulations governing the resources access from the wetlands using Kilombero Valley as a case study. The study used choice modelling to identify the determinants of the access patterns and their impacts on wetland sustainable management. The results showed that physical nature of resources and characteristics of the users such as location, income and education determine what type of access one chooses to accrue products and services from the wetlands. To ensure wetland sustainable management, the policy makers and conservationists should consider these factors in enacting rules and regulation which would govern human interactions in the wetlands. Payment for environmental services could be used to enhance such options.


Key words: Wetlands, goods and services, institutions, choice modelling.