African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6727

Full Length Research Paper

Growth efficiency and profitability indices of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings fed with different levels of Adansonia digitata (Baobab) seed meal

Ajibade Akinniyi Oyetunji
  • Ajibade Akinniyi Oyetunji
  • Department of Fisheries Technology, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igbo-ora, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Adeosun Olubunmi
  • Adeosun Olubunmi
  • Department of Fisheries Technology, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igbo-ora, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Sule Okanlawon Sakiru
  • Sule Okanlawon Sakiru
  • Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Forestry, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State, Nigeria.
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Adedokun Mathew Adewale
  • Adedokun Mathew Adewale
  • Department of Animal health and production, Faculty of Science, Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Adesina Babatunde Taiwo
  • Adesina Babatunde Taiwo
  • Department of Agriculture, Animal Science Programme, College of Agriculture Sciences, Landmark University, P. M. B. 1001, KM 4, Ipetu Road, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 26 January 2021
  •  Accepted: 08 June 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021


The effects of diet with different inclusion levels of baobab seed meal inclusions on the growth and gross margin analysis of Clarias gaiepinus fingerlings was evaluated under a controlled laboratory condition. Five inclusion levels of Baobab Seed Meal (BSM) to replace soya bean meal were studied at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% dietary protein. The experimental diets were uniform by targeting 40% crude protein with energy level of 20 MJ/kg. Fingerlings of C. gariepinus with an average weight (g) of 2.91 ± 0.16 g were reared for 90 days in plastic aquaria. Feed intake, weight gain, feed efficiency ratio (FER), protein efficiency ratio (PER) and survival rates (SR %) were evaluated, using standard formula. Significantly higher growth (p<0.05) was obtained from the fish fed with Diet Two (5% BSM) and Diet Three (10% BSM) than the fish fed with control diet. The best utilized diet for C. gariepinus was Diet Two in relation to weight gained and total fish production. Therefore, Baobab seed meal can serve as a worthy unconventional feed ingredient in the diet of C. gariepinus at 10% level of inclusion for maximum profit, although 5% BSM inclusion recorded the best growth performance.

Key words: Growth parameter, Clarias gariepinus, Baobab seed meal, fingerlings.


BSM, Baobab seed meal; SBM, Soya bean meal; PER, Profit efficiency ratio; FER, Feed efficiency ratio; SR%, Percentage of survival rates; FCR, Feed conversion ratio; SGR, Specific growth rates; BCR, Benefit cost ratio.