The objective of this paper is to present a comprehensive review of the status quo of bio-fuels developments and the policy regimes including support measures driving the social, environmental and economic impacts of bio-fuels development. As it has been promoted by national policies markers, there is still no common consciences on its implication in achieving food security. The case study was based on a Meta evaluation carried out in Zambia; the key findings indicated that there is possible diversion of labour, land, extension service to bio-fuel and competition of input use might lead to reduction of food production and high food prices if the biofuel market proves lucrative. However the price of bio-fuel feedstock from Jatropha in Zambia was not attractive enough to encourage farmers to grow more Jatropha and this has raised major concerns by both farmers and policy makers.
Key words: Zambia, meta evaluation, Jatropha and policy implications.
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