African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Varietal differences in the susceptibility of new rice for Africa (NERICA) to Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Badii K. B.1*, Asante S. K.2 and Adarkwa C.1
1Department of Agronomy, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box TL 1882, Tamale, N/R, Ghana. 2CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Box TL 52, Tamale, N/R, Ghana.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 April 2013
  •  Published: 02 May 2013

Abstract

Eight new rice for Africa (NERICA) varieties obtained from the Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (SARI) in Ghana were investigated for their relative susceptibilities to infestation by Sitophilus oryzae L., an important storage pest of milled rice. The completely randomized design was used to obtain data on the infestation and damage indices such as egg oviposition, developmental period, progeny emergence, seed weight loss, and susceptibility index. Overall, the varieties arranged in a descending order of susceptibility were NERICA [N] 8, N3, N5, N2, N1, N4, N9 and N6. NERICAs 9 and 6 consistently, demonstrated high tolerance to Soryzaeinfestation and damage. These varieties should be incorporated into breeding programmes to help reduce the high grain losses incurred by farmers during storage.

Key words: New rice for Africa (NERICA), Sitophilus oryzae, insect infestationsusceptibility.