African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6091

Full Length Research Paper

Cultivation of cactus pear forage propagated through the method of fractionation of cladode

Jucilene Silva Araujo
  • Jucilene Silva Araujo
  • Instituto Nacional do Semiárido, Caixa Postal 10067, CEP 58429-970 Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Washington Benevenuto de Lima
  • Washington Benevenuto de Lima
  • Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, CEP 58429-900, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Antunes Romeu Lima do Nascimento
  • Antunes Romeu Lima do Nascimento
  • Instituto Nacional do Semiárido, Caixa Postal 10067, CEP 58429-970 Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Joao Batista Taveira De Freitas
  • Joao Batista Taveira De Freitas
  • Instituto Nacional do Semiárido, Caixa Postal 10067, CEP 58429-970 Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Geiziane De Fátima Da Silva
  • Geiziane De Fátima Da Silva
  • Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, CEP 58397-000, Areia, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Daniel Duarte Pereira
  • Daniel Duarte Pereira
  • Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, CEP 58397-000, Areia, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Mucio Freire Vieira
  • Mucio Freire Vieira
  • Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, CEP 58397-000, Areia, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Geovergue Rodrigues de Medeiros
  • Geovergue Rodrigues de Medeiros
  • Instituto Nacional do Semiárido, Caixa Postal 10067, CEP 58429-970 Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 02 September 2018
  •  Accepted: 05 February 2019
  •  Published: 02 May 2019

Abstract

Between the varieties of Cactus Pear Forage resistant to Cochineal Carmine, the Orelha de Elefante Mexicana (OEM), Baiana (BA) and Miúda (MI) were found. The adoption of these varieties and dissemination in the areas damaged by this plague are directly related to provision of seeds cladodes. The method of propagation through fractionation of cladode is an alternative in cases where this availability is deficient. The experiment is aimed at analyzing the development of varieties of Cactus Pear Forage through propagation by fractionation of cladode. The experiment was conducted in randomized design blocks factorial 3×5 with three repetitions, corresponding to three varieties of Cactus Pear and five fractions of cladode (whole, 1/2 cladode, 1/4 cladode, 1/2 cladode inferior and 1/2 cladode superior). The ways of propagation did not affect the survival of the plant and number of cladodes. Major heights and widths of plants were obtained with whole cladodes. The whole cladode proportioned higher productivity in green and dry mass. The content of dry matter was superior in variety MI and the major productivity in OEM and BA. It was concluded that fractionation of cladode is mostly indicated in OEM but was absent in MI.

Key words: Cochineal carmine, nopalea, opuntia, resistant varieties.