Full Length Research Paper
Organomineral fertilizers have been used to meet plants’ nutritional needs and reduce producers’ reliance on mineral fertilizers. This study aimed to determine the effect of organic matter sources for organomineral fertilizers and traditional mineral fertilizers to the sorghum initial development. The experiment followed a randomized complete block design in a ‘4 x 3 + 2’ factorial arrangement, with four fertilizer doses (50, 75, 100 and 125%) of the recommended dose for sorghum crops (450 kg ha-1), three organic matter sources to compose the organomineral fertilizers (sewage sludge, filter cake, peat), a control (mineral fertilizer), and an untreated check (no fertilizers). Each experimental plot consisted of four plants divided into two pots. Plant height, stem diameter, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and leaf area were performed at 30 and 60 days after seeding (DAS) when shoot dry mass was also measured. Organomineral fertilizers outperformed both control and untreated check plots for most variables at 30 DAS. Sorghum fertilized with organomineral fertilizers also showed positive results at 60 DAS, even with dose reductions. Considering the variables herein reported, organomineral fertilizers can replace mineral fertilizers in the development of sorghum, even with dose reductions.
Key words: Biofertilizer, sewage sludge, filter cake, peat, plant nutrition.
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