African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Influence of different soil management practices on soil organisms and maize (Zea mays L.) yield in South Eastern Nigeria

Benwari A. O.
  • Benwari A. O.
  • Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
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Uchunor S. I.
  • Uchunor S. I.
  • Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
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Omovbude S.
  • Omovbude S.
  • Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 13 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 02 March 2017
  •  Published: 30 March 2017

Abstract

The experiment was conducted at Teaching and Research Farm of University of Port Harcourt between May and August, 2016 to determine the influence of different soil management practices on soil organisms and maize yield (Zea mays L.) in South Eastern Nigeria. The experiment consisted of six treatments, namely:  control (no application), cover crop (pumpkin cover), 10 t/ha dry guinea grass mulch (dead mulch), 10 t/ha poultry manure, 250 kg/ha N:P:K 15:15:15 and 10 t/ha dry guinea grass as bush burning material. These treatments were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with four replicates. Results showed that the initial bacterial count was 2.0 × 106 CFU/g, fungal count (1.7 × 105 cfu/g), and earthworm casts (0). The soil was sandy loam and the pH was very strongly acid (4.80). At 11 weeks after application (WAA), NPK treated plots had the highest bacterial count (4.6 × 106 CFU/g), while cover crop and dead mulch plots had the highest fungal count (1.9 × 105 cfu/g). At the point of harvest, the highest earth worm casts (19.00) were in cover crop. The most predominant bacteria isolates across the various soil management practices were Bacillus and Pseudomonas species, while that of fungal were Aspergillus niger and Candida species. Maize yield differed significantly (p<0.05) among various soil management practices. In spite of the variation in the population of soil organisms, NPK plots produced the highest yield (170 kg/ha) and is therefore recommended.

 

Key words: Influence, maize yield, soil management practices, soil organisms, Southeastern Nigeria.