African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6530

Full Length Research Paper

Antioxidant activity of Capsicum frutescens and its effect on sensory and carcass traits of local chickens

Sebulime Peregrine1*, Ocaido Michael1 and Okello Samuel2
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 24 January 2021
  •  Accepted: 30 April 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021

Abstract

This study determined the antioxidant activity of Capsicum frutescens powder and its effect on sensory and carcass characteristics of local chickens fed with either cotton seed cake or sunflower seed diets for thirty seven days. The birds were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments (0, 1.1, 2.2 and 4.4%) of C. frutescens powder. For cotton seed cake diets, 15 birds were replicated thrice per treatment whereas the replication was twice for sunflower seed cake diets. The antioxidant activity scores based on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH•) radical scavenging activity at concentrations 100, 200, 400, and 500 µg/ml were 17.1, 20.8, 29.8, and 33.3%, respectively. Further, sunflower diets  with 2.2% inclusion level increased carcass yield with respect to  heart weight (4 g, p=0.01),  proventriculus weight (4.25 g, p=0.02) and intestine weight (82.5 g, p=0.01). In contrast, no improvement but negative effects were observed when C. frutescens was included in cotton seed cake diets. Furthermore, results showed that none of the inclusion levels of C. frutescens had an effect on texture, taste, juiciness and overall acceptability of chicken meat. This study suggests that the carcass yield of local chicken can be improved through including C. frutescens at a level of 2.2% in diets constituted with sunflower seed cake.

Key words: Flavor, taste, texture, performance, sunflower.