African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6545

Review

Overview of pepper (Capsicum spp.) breeding in West Africa

Sokona Dagnoko1,2*, Niamoye Yaro-Diarisso3, Paul Nadou Sanogo1, Olagorite Adetula4, Aminata Dolo-Nantoumé3, Kadidiatou Gamby-Touré3, Aissata Traoré-Théra3, Sériba Katilé3 and Daoulé Diallo-Ba2
1Rural Polytechnic Institute for Training and Applied Research (IPR/IFRA), Katibougou, Koulikoro, BP 06, Mali Republic. 2Seneso Limited, BPE 5459, Bamako, Mali Republic. 3Institute of Rural Economy (IER), Rue Mohamed V, BP 258, Bamako, Mali Republic. 4National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Jericho Reservation Area - Idi-Ishin, PMB 5432, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 04 April 2013
  •  Published: 11 April 2013

Abstract

The genus Capsicum (sweet and hot pepper) harbors an incredible intra and inter-specific diversity in fruit type, color, shape, taste, and biochemical content. Its potential uses and benefits to mankind cover many areas such as food and nutrition, medicine, cosmetic, plant based insecticides (PBI), and income. The cash income potential combined with the fact that peppers are easy to grow, harvest, and process makes them suitable for use in poverty reduction and food security improvement programs. Efforts were made in West Africa to improve peppers in terms of germplasm collection and conservation, variety introduction and testing, but due to the wide genetic diversity within and between species and inter-specific crossings, there is still room for further improvement of yield and fruit quality. However, to better exploit the various potentials of peppers, there is need to promote improved varieties and improve seed systems through enhanced public/private partnership.

 

Key words: Capsicum, pepper varieties, fruit morphotypes, capsaicin, seed systems.