African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Contribution of multi-nutritional blocks and treatment of roughage for the resilience of beneficiary of rural households in Niger

Harouna ABDOU
  • Harouna ABDOU
  • Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, Boubakar BÂ University of Tillaberi, P. O. Box 175, Tillaberi-Niger, Niger Republic.
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Ibrahim ADAMOU KARIMOU
  • Ibrahim ADAMOU KARIMOU
  • Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Tahoua, P. O. Box 255, Tahoua-Niger, Niger Republic.
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Abdoulkadri LAOUALI
  • Abdoulkadri LAOUALI
  • Socio-Economy Department, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, Boubacar BÂ University of Tillabéri, P. O. Box 175, Tillaberi-Niger, Niger Republic.
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Issa NOMAOU SANI
  • Issa NOMAOU SANI
  • Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, Boubakar BÂ University of Tillaberi, P. O. Box 175, Tillaberi-Niger, Niger Republic.
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  •  Received: 23 April 2021
  •  Accepted: 29 June 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of using multi-nutritional blocks and roughage processing as alternatives for the resilience of beneficiary households in the study area. The study was conducted in the rural communes of Sakoira and Kourtheye (Department of Tillaberi) through a survey of 32 producers of multi-nutritional blocks and treated straw. The structure by age class reveals, among the Peulh ethnic group, that 50% of the people surveyed are between 30 and 49 years old while the remaining half are aged between 50 and 69 years old. It appeared that more than half (55%) of the sample of people surveyed were uneducated. Multi-nutritional blocks are appreciated by 90% of the respondents against 10% who did not give their point of view. The treatment of the straw aroused the admiration of the majority (80%) of the respondents. For the strategies adopted by the peasants, one can retain the destocking, which is practiced by 86.6% of the respondents against 6.6% who prefer the sale of animals. A profit of 42,500 FCFA was obtained for a production of 100 kg of mixture of multi-nutritional blocks and an average of 121,000 FCFA by giving the treated straw to an ox for two months. This made it possible to meet certain needs, thus leading to household resilience.

Key words: Household resilience, multi nutritional block, roughage, animal, nutrition