African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6668

Full Length Research Paper

Response of maize (Zea maysL) inbred lines to different herbicide combinations

Nyasha Sakadzo
  • Nyasha Sakadzo
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Natural Resources Management and Agriculture, Midlands State University, P bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe.
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Kasirayi Makaza
  • Kasirayi Makaza
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Natural Resources Management and Agriculture, Midlands State University, P bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe.
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Ignatius Chagonda
  • Ignatius Chagonda
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Natural Resources Management and Agriculture, Midlands State University, P bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe.
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Jimmy Shanangura
  • Jimmy Shanangura
  • Department of Soil and Plant Sciences. Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, Great Zimbabwe University, P.O. Box 1235 Masvingo, Zimbabwe.
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Tafadzwa T Haripo
  • Tafadzwa T Haripo
  • Department of Soil and Plant Sciences. Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, Great Zimbabwe University, P.O. Box 1235 Masvingo, Zimbabwe.
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  •  Received: 07 May 2018
  •  Accepted: 11 June 2018
  •  Published: 02 August 2018

Abstract

A field experiment was carried out at Agricultural Seed and Services Research Station in Zimbabwe to evaluate the response of maize inbred lines to different herbicide combinations. The trial was laid out in a 5×12 split plot design replicated three times. Herbicide combination was main plot factor with five levels; Hand-hoeing;metolachlor+ atrazine;metolachlor+ atrazine+ nicosulfuron; metolachlor+ atrazine+ halosulfuron and metolachlor +atrazine+ nicosulfuron+ halosulfuron. These combinations of herbicides have a broad spectrum activity and are able to control annual and perennial weeds with an inbred line as subplot factor with twelve levels; CML488, CML312, CML444, CML443, CML00001, CML395, CZL0610, CZL00003, CZL03014, L917 and N3.2.3.3. Data on germination, phytotoxicity, plant height, anthesis silking interval (ASI), ear height and grain yield were measured. There was a significant interaction (p<0.05) between herbicide combination and maize inbred line on germination, plant height (week 2 and 4), phytotoxicity, ASI, ear height and grain yield. There was no interaction (p>0.05) among herbicide combinations and maize inbred lines on plant height (week 12). That concluded metolachlor+ atrazine+ nicosulfuron and metolachlor +atrazine+nicosulfuron+ halosulfuron herbicides had a major effect on susceptible maize inbred lines. Inbred lines were grouped into three categories in relation to European Weed Research Council (EWRC) score, efficacy and survival rate into; tolerant (CML312, CML444, CML443 and CML00003), medium resistant (CML395, CZL0610, NAW5885 and CZL00003) and susceptible (CML488, CZL03014, L917 and N3.2.3.3). Therefore, the study recommends not using metolachlor+ atrazine+ nicosulfuron and metolachlor+ atrazine+ nicosulfuron+ halosulfuron herbicide combinations on susceptible maize inbred lines.

Key words: Zea mays, inbred lines, herbicide combinations, metolachlor, atrazine, nicosulfuron.