African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Quali-Quantitative study of biogas production from bio-digestion of cutting poultry

Andrei Antonio Mondardo
  • Andrei Antonio Mondardo
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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Samuel Nelson Melegari de Souza
  • Samuel Nelson Melegari de Souza
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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Solles Augusto Rovaris
  • Solles Augusto Rovaris
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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Claudinei de Almeida
  • Claudinei de Almeida
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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Glaucio Jose Gomes
  • Glaucio Jose Gomes
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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Simoni Spohr Venzon
  • Simoni Spohr Venzon
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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Reginaldo Ferreira Santos
  • Reginaldo Ferreira Santos
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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Jair Antonio Cruz Siqueira
  • Jair Antonio Cruz Siqueira
  • College of Agriculture Engineering, Post-Graduation Program of Energy in Agriculture, Western Paraná State University, UNIOESTE, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 16 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 01 August 2016
  •  Published: 15 September 2016

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biogas production and the potential production obtained with the anaerobic digestion of cutting poultry carcasses. The carcasses were used to supply batch digesters with 8 liters of capacity of fermentation material. To perform this process, analysis content of total solids (TS) and volatile solids (VS) were performed. We used a system of three treatments, TRA (Treatment A) - 8% of ground chicken and 92% of water; TRB (Treatment B) - 8% of ground chicken, 20% of swine inoculum and 72% of water; TRC (Treatment C) - 13% of ground chicken, 20% of swine inoculum and 67% of water. The results were evaluated statistically showing that TRB treatment has shown better performance compared to the other two treatments, resulting in obtaining biogas at 0,3854 m³/kg TS and 0,4158 m³/kg VS, with an average production of methane (CH4) of 75.63%, thereby producing 0,2748 m³ of methane per kg of TS added and 0.2964 m³ of methan/kg VS-1 (???), with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 31 days.

 

Key words: Anaerobic, methane, environment.