African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of age, breed and sex on the serum biochemical values of Turkeys (Meleagridis gallopova) in South-eastern Nigeria

Ogundu Uduak E,  Okoro V. M. O., Okeke G. U., Durugo N., Mbaebie G. A. C. and Ezebuike C. I.
Department of Animal Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 May 2013
  •  Published: 20 June 2013

Abstract

This study was carried out to establish the serum biochemical values of turkey (Meleagridis gallopova) as well as determine the sex, age and breed effects on these characters. Blood samples collected in the morning from each turkey at 6th and 12th week of age, comprising of 60 black and 45 white breeds were used in this study. Total protein, albumin and alkaline phosphate means were 5.56±0.15, 2.5±0.1 and 26.44±1.55 g/dl respectively. Cholesterol, aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) means were 161±2.83 mg/dl, 74.87±1.87 U/L and 17.86±1.33 U/L respectively while globulin had a mean of 3.16±0.2 mg/dl. The mean total protein value (4.81±0.17 and 6.38±0.28 g/dl) of black and white breeds respectively indicated significant difference (P<0.05). Albumin, cholesterol and globulin values also indicated significant difference (P<0.05) between the breeds, while alkaline phosphate, AST and ALT showed no significant difference (P<0.05) between the breeds. The mean total protein, albumin, globulin and AST of the turkeys revealed significant difference (P<0.05) between ages 6 and 12 weeks while alkaline phosphate, cholesterol and ALT showed no significant (P>0.05) difference between the ages.  Sex generally had no significant (P>0.05) effect on the characters.

 

Key words:  Turkeys, serum, age, breed, sex, biochemical values.