African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6358

Full Length Research Paper

Effective policies to mitigate food waste in Qatar

Sana Abusin
  • Sana Abusin
  • Social and Economic Survey Research (SESRI), Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
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Noora Lari
  • Noora Lari
  • Social and Economic Survey Research (SESRI), Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
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Salma Khaled
  • Salma Khaled
  • Social and Economic Survey Research (SESRI), Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
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Noor Al Emadi
  • Noor Al Emadi
  • Social and Economic Survey Research (SESRI), Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
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  •  Received: 07 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 11 February 2020
  •  Published: 31 March 2020

Abstract

This paper highlighted food waste as one of the biggest threats to food security that put pressure on the natural resources and limit the ecological capacity of land of Qatar to continue providing renewable resources. Climate change, desertification of farmland, water shortages, soil degradation and arable land per capita decline are the main characteristics of the state of Qatar. This arid and semi-arid environment resulted in difficulties to produce food locally.  Qatar used to import 90% of its food from neighboring countries before the blockade in 2017. Qatar is passing an important era of total shift from food security to self-sufficiency. In a very short time, Qatar managed to register almost full sufficiency in perishable foods and produced abundant amount of food. This shed light in the importance of sustainable production and consumption to avoid environmental disasters such as food waste that directly affect the sustainability of arable land and ground water. A panel of academics, administrators, civil society and charities came together to discuss the issue of sustainability regarding food waste, in order to formulate policies and strategies to mitigate food waste and produce compost to be used in agriculture and hence achieve food self-sufficiency. These policies will help managers and policy makers to make correct decisions to preserve the environment.

Key words: Food waste, sustainable development, policies, food security.