African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6545

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of small holder farmers garlic (Allium sativum L.) production practices under irrigated farming system in the Highlands of Ethiopia

Shege Getu Yayeh
  • Shege Getu Yayeh
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, DebreTabor Universit, DebreTabor, Ethiopia.
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Melkamu Alemayehu
  • Melkamu Alemayehu
  • Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
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Amare Haileslassie
  • Amare Haileslassie
  • International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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Yigzaw Dessalegn
  • Yigzaw Dessalegn
  • International LivestockResearch Institute (ILRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 15 March 2019
  •  Accepted: 03 May 2019
  •  Published: 30 September 2021

Abstract

Garlic is a fundamental component of many dishes in Ethiopia. However, there is a low production of this crop in the Yilmana Densa district of Amhara Region (Ethiopia). Thus, a study was initiated in 2014/2015 to assess farmer’s garlic production practices under an irrigated farming system in the Yilmana Densa district (Adet Zuria, Goshaye and Ambesit kebels) of Ethiopia. Production data were collected using semi-structured questionnaires from 30 garlic producing households where the whole value chain of garlic production system were recorded. Results showed that the agronomic and cultural practices employed by farmers contributed to the low productivity of garlic. Major constraints of garlic production include lack of suitable irrigated land, lack of quality planting material, shortage of irrigation water, fertilizers and pesticides, lack of money for input purchase, and disease incidences (white rot). For enhancement of production and productivity of garlic, it is necessary to solve problems associated with the production of garlic through extension activities.

Key words: Bulb yield, households, garlic grower, productivity, water productivity.