African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Productive, morphological and qualitative characteristics of sugarcane in the understory tree species in agroforestry systems

Elvis Felipe Elli
  • Elvis Felipe Elli
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy, Agriculture and Environment, Northern Center for Higher Education in Rio Grande do Sul - Frederico Westphalen Campus, Federal University of Santa Maria, Linha Sete de Setembro s/n, BR386 Km 40, CEP 98400-000, Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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Braulio Otomar Caron
  • Braulio Otomar Caron
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy, Agriculture and Environment, Northern Center for Higher Education in Rio Grande do Sul - Frederico Westphalen Campus, Federal University of Santa Maria, Linha Sete de Setembro s/n, BR386 Km 40, CEP 98400-000, Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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Elder Eloy
  • Elder Eloy
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy, Agriculture and Environment, Northern Center for Higher Education in Rio Grande do Sul - Frederico Westphalen Campus, Federal University of Santa Maria, Linha Sete de Setembro s/n, BR386 Km 40, CEP 98400-000, Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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Alexandre Behling
  • Alexandre Behling
  • Graduate Program in Forest Engineering, Federal University of Paraná, Av. Pref. Lothário Meissner, 900, Jardim Botânico, Campus III, CEP 80210-160, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
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Velci Queiróz de Souza
  • Velci Queiróz de Souza
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy, Agriculture and Environment, Northern Center for Higher Education in Rio Grande do Sul - Frederico Westphalen Campus, Federal University of Santa Maria, Linha Sete de Setembro s/n, BR386 Km 40, CEP 98400-000, Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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Felipe Schwerz
  • Felipe Schwerz
  • Graduate Program in Agronomy, Agriculture and Environment, Northern Center for Higher Education in Rio Grande do Sul - Frederico Westphalen Campus, Federal University of Santa Maria, Linha Sete de Setembro s/n, BR386 Km 40, CEP 98400-000, Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 16 October 2015
  •  Accepted: 17 February 2016
  •  Published: 28 April 2016

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate productive, morphological and qualitative characteristics of sugarcane in the understory tree species in two agroforestry systems. The study was conducted in the city of Frederico Westphalen, RS, in a randomized complete block design, characterized by a factorial arrangement of 2x5x3, that is, two agroforestry systems (strip and line), five tree species (angico, bracatinga, canafístula, eucalypt and guapuruvu) and three years of sugarcane cultivation (2009, 2010 and 2011), with three replications. The weight, length and stem diameter, number of nodes, Brix degree, juice volume, amount of sucrose, and how these factors are related to the interception of photosynthetically active solar radiation by the tree components in each system were evaluated. The interception of photosynthetically active solar radiation by tree components is smaller in the strip system, but increased over the years of sugarcane cultivation. Among the tree species, eucalypt is responsible for the highest values of interception. When grown in the understory of angico, bracatinga and canafístula, sugarcane presents greater length, diameter and stem weight, juice volume and amount of sucrose, mainly from the second cultivation year than when under the other tree species. The cultivation of sugarcane in the strip system resulted in an increased stem weight and juice volume from the second year of cultivation.

 

Key words: Saccharum officinarum L., solar radiation, shading, stem weight.