African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Emergence and initial development of Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) seedlings with different substrate compositions

Andre Luiz Piva1*, Eder Junior Mezzalira1, Anderson Santin1, Daniel Sschwantes1, Jeferson Klein1, Leandro Rampim1, Fabíola Villa1, Claudio Yuji Tsutsumi1 and Gilmar Antônio Nava2
[1]Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná/ Centro de Ciências Agrárias/ Programa de Pós Graduação em Agronomia. Rua Pernambuco, 1777, CEP: 85960-000. Marechal Cândido Rondon, Paraná, Brazil. 2Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Campus Dois Vizinhos, Brazil.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 04 December 2013
  •  Published: 19 December 2013

Abstract

The seedlings quality is one of the most important factors in the implantation of new orchards. In this sense, this work aimed to evaluate the emergence and initial development of Cape gooseberry seedlings with different substrate compositions. The experiment was performed in the experimental area of Federal Technological University of Parana, Campus of Dois Vizinhos, Brazil. The experimental design used was a randomize block design, with four replications, being evaluated the following substrates: Soil + chicken manure (2:1 v/v); soil + chicken manure + sand (2:1:1); soil + humus + vermiculite (2:1:1); soil + humus (2:1) and Macplant® (commercial substrate). The emergence percentage, number of leaves, height of plants, dry mass of root system and dry mass of the shoot system was evaluated. The substrate compound by soil + humus + vermiculite and the substrate compound by soil + humus allowed higher emergence of plants, however not contributing for the development of the Cape gooseberry seedlings. Nevertheless, the substrate with soil + chicken manure and the substrate with soil + chicken manure + sand only provided the initial development of the seedlings. On the other hand, the use of the substrate Macplant® must be avoided in the propagation of this culture.

 

Key words: Exotic fruits, propagation, germination, Macplant®, vermiculite.