African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Farmer perceptions of classical swine fever outbreak in communal pig production systems of South Africa

  James Madzimure1*, Kerstin K. Zander2, Kennedy Dzama3 and Michael Chimonyo1        
  1Discipline of Animal and Poultry Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, P. Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. 2Research Institute for Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University, Darwin NT 0909, Australia. 3Department of Animal Science, University of Stellenbosch, P. Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 25 September 2012
  •  Published: 30 November 2012



After the outbreak of classical swine fever (CSF) in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, policy makers are expected to make decisions on the restocking of pigs. The objective of this study was to investigate farmers’ perceptions of CSF outbreak in coastal and inland communal production systems because of their differences in harbouring pathogens. Data were collected from 288 farmers in two CSF affected areas (one on the coast, one inland) and one unaffected coastal area. The majority of farmers in affected inland (73%) and coastal (89%) areas kept local pigs and non-descript crosses with imported pigs on backyard production system. Significantly, more pigs were culled in the affected coastal area than inland area. In both areas, the culling of pigs affected pork availability and income generation. Household heads that were residing on the farms that are educated, mature and located inland were less likely to experience disease challenges. To facilitate restocking and conservation of local pig genetic resources, farmers requested the government and stakeholders to assist with loans, breeding stock, proper housing structures and improved extension services. Farmers in both coastal and inland areas perceived CSF as destructive to pigs, thereby jeopardising their source of livelihoods.


Key words: Pig genetic resources, conservation, disease outbreaks, pig culling, restocking.