African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Mechanization, fertilization and staking options for environmentally sound yam production

S. A. Ennin
  • S. A. Ennin
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
R. N. Issaka
  • R. N. Issaka
  • CSIR-Soil Research Institute, Academy Post Office, Kwadaso, Kumasi Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
P. P. Acheampong
  • P. P. Acheampong
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
M. Numafo
  • M. Numafo
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
E. Owusu Danquah
  • E. Owusu Danquah
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 09 January 2014
  •  Accepted: 26 June 2014
  •  Published: 15 July 2014

Abstract

An on-station study at Fumesua and Ejura in Ghana with two yam varieties (Pona and Dente), seedbed option (ridge and mound) and NPK fertilizer rates (0, 45-45-60, 60-60-60 and 60-60-80 kg ha-1 N-P205-K20) revealed significant (p < 0.05) increases in soil carbon and phosphorus with fertilizer application to yam. Fertilized yam had acceptable culinary qualities. Another study on staking options using a promising non-staked yam line TDR95/19177 showed that non-staked yam resulted in a high (32.5%) yield reduction, suggesting the need for further plant breeding work. On–farm studies showed significant (P £ 0.05) interaction between fertilizer rate and seedbed preparation method on continuously cropped lands, with mechanised and manual ridging having significantly (p < 0.05) higher yam plant population (5,503-7,483 plants ha-1) than farmers’ mounding (4,219-4,579 plants ha-1), and a greater yield response to fertilizer. Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) was highest (2.7:1) when 45-45-60 kg ha-1 N-P205-K20 was applied to yam on ridges. On newly cleared fields, yam planted on ridges with trellis/minimum staking gave highest tuber yields and BCR of 3.8:1. Mechanised ridging for yam seedbed preparation fertilizer application and the significant reduction in the use of stakes will reduce drudgery and the contribution of yam production to deforestation and climate change.

 

Key words: Continuously cropped fields, ridging, staking, yam.