African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Full Length Research Paper

Use of termites as protein supplement for indigenous chicken on smallholder farms in Siaya County, Kenya

Caroline Majuma
  • Caroline Majuma
  • Department of Plant, Animal and Food Sciences, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 210-40601 Bondo, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Reuben O. Mosi
  • Reuben O. Mosi
  • Department of Plant, Animal and Food Sciences, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 210-40601 Bondo, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Kenneth Otieno
  • Kenneth Otieno
  • Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), P. O. Box 25-20117 Naivasha, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Alpha Masemba
  • Alpha Masemba
  • Department of Applied Statistics, School of Biological, Physical, Mathematics and Actuarial Sciences, P. O. Box 210-40601 Bondo, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 08 March 2022
  •  Accepted: 20 July 2022
  •  Published: 31 August 2022

References

Akullo J, Agea JG, Obaa BB, Okwee-Acai J, Nakimbugwe D (2018). Nutrient composition of commonly consumed edible insects in the Lango sub-region of northern Uganda. International Food Research Journal 25(1):159-166.

 

Anankware JP, Fening K, Osekre EA (2015). Insects as food and feed: A review. International Journal of Agricultural Research and Review 3(1):143-151.

 
 

Banjo AD, Lawal OA, Songonuga EA (2006). The nutritional value of fourteen species of edible insects in Southwestern Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(3):298-301.

 
 

Boafo HA, Affedzie-Obresi S, Gbemavo DSJC, Clottey VA, Nkegbe E, Adu-Aboagye G, Kenis M (2019). Use of termites by farmers as poultry feed in Ghana. Insects 10(3):1-13.
Crossref

 
 

Dao ANC, Sankara F, Pousga S, Coulibaly K, Nacoulma JP, Ouedraogo S, Kenis M, Somda I (2020). Traditional methods of harvesting termites used as poultry feed in Burkina Faso. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 40(1):109-118.
Crossref

 
 

Elwinger K, Fisher C, Jeroch H, Sauveur B, Tiller H, Whitehead CC (2016). A brief history of poultry nutrition over the last hundred years. World's Poultry Science Journal 72(4):701-720. Finance and Accounting 6(19):119-130.
Crossref

 
 

Gad MF, Otieno OB, Wahome NA (2015). Factors Affecting the Performance of Small and Medium Scale Poultry Farming Enterprises in Karuri, Kenya. (Doctoral dissertation).

 
 

GOK (2012). Kenya Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA). 2008-2011 Drought. In Government of Kenya (GOK), Report by the Ministry of Finance.

 
 

Igwe C, Ujowundu C, Nwaogu L (2012). Chemical Analysis of an Edible African Termite, Macrotermes nigeriensis; a Potential Antidote to Food Security Problem. Biochemistry and Analytical Biochemistry 01(01):1-4.
Crossref

 
 

Kenis M, Hien K (2014). Prospects and constraints for the use of insects as human food and animal feed in West Africa. Book of Abstracts of Conference on Insects to Feed the World, The Netherlands 14-17 May 2014.
Crossref

 
 

Kingori AM, Tuitoek J, Muiruri H, Wachira AM (2003). Protein requirements of growing indigenous chickens during the 14-21 weeks growing period. South African Journal of Animal Science 33(2):78-82.
Crossref

 
 

Kingori AM, Tuitoek J, Muiruri H, Wachira AM, Birech EK (2007). Protein Intake of Growing Indigenous Chickens on Free-Range and Their Response to Supplementation. International Journal of Poultry Science 6(9):617-621.
Crossref

 
 

Kingori AM, Wachira AM, Tuitoek JK (2010). Indigenous chicken production in Kenya: A Review. International Journal of Poultry Science 9(4):309-316.
Crossref

 
 

Kinyuru J, Kenji G, Njoroge M (2009). Process development, nutrition and sensory qualities of wheat buns enriched with edible termites (Macrotermes subhylanus) from Lake Victoria region, Kenya. African Journal of Food, Agriculture Nutrition and Development 9(8). 
Crossref

 
 

Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MoALF) (2015). Crop Development; Alego Usonga, Siaya County. Annual Report.

 
 

Moreki JC, Tiroesele B (2012). Termite and earthworms as a potential alternative source of protein for poultry. International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences 6:368-376.
Crossref

 
 

Moreki JC, Tiroesele B, Chiripasi SC (2012). Prospects of utilizing insects as alternative sources of protein in poultry diets in Botswana: a review. Journal of Animal Science Advances 2(8):649-658.

 
 

Mutungi C, Irungu FG, Nduko J, Mutua F, Affognon H, Nakimbugwe D, Ekesi S, Fiaboe KKM (2019). Postharvest processes of edible insects in Africa: A review of processing methods, and the implications for nutrition, safety and new products development. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 59(2):276-298.
Crossref

 
 

Pomalégni SCB, Gbemavo DSJC, Kpadé CP, Kenis M, Mensah GA (2017). Traditional use of fly larvae by small poultry farmers in Benin. Journal of Insects as Food and Feed 3(3):187-192.
Crossref

 
 

Sankara F, Pousga S, Dao ANC, Gbemavo DSJC, Clottey VA, Coulibaly K, Nacoulma JP, Ouedraogo S, Kenis M (2018). Indigenous knowledge and potential of termites as poultry feed in Burkina Faso. Journal of Insects as Food and Feed 4(4):211-218.
Crossref

 
 

Solomon MD, Solomon LD, Jaryum KH, Dabak JD, Sambo SH (2020). Nutrient Potential and Economic Benefit of Varies Coleoptera (Grub Worm): Implication for Food Security. EAS Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 2(5):217-221.
Crossref

 
 

Ssepuuya G, Namulawa V, Mbabazi D, Mugerwa S, Fuuna P, Nampijja Z, Ekesi S, Fiaboe KKM, Nakimbugwe D (2017). Use of insects for fish and poultry compound feed in sub-Saharan Africa - A systematic review. Journal of Insects as Food and Feed 3(4):289-302.
Crossref

 
 

van Duijn AP, van Heijden PGM, Bolman B, Rurangwa E (2018). Review and analysis of small-scale aquaculture production in East Africa; Summary and Recommendations. Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen University & Research. Report WCDI18-019. Wageningen.

 
 

Wondmeneh E, Van der Waaij E, Udo4 HMJ, Tadelle D, Van Arendonk JAM (2016). Village poultry production system: Perception of farmers and simulation of impacts of interventions. African Journal of Agricultural Research 11(24):2075-2081.
Crossref