African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6786

Full Length Research Paper

Growth, phenology, yield and yield attributes of rice as influenced by tillage, residue and nitrogen management practice in Chitwan, Nepal

Arjun Bastola
  • Arjun Bastola
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Tika Karki
  • Tika Karki
  • Planning Division, Planning and Coordination Directorate, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Santosh Marahatta
  • Santosh Marahatta
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Lal Prasad Amgain
  • Lal Prasad Amgain
  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Far Western University, Tikapur, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 28 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 03 November 2020
  •  Published: 31 January 2021


Arshadullah M, Ali A, Hyder SI, Khan AM (2012). Effect of wheat residue incorporation along with n starter dose on rice yield and soil health under saline sodic soil. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 22(3):753-757.


Aslam M, Hussain S, Ramzan M, Akhter M (2008). Effect of different stand establishment techniques on rice yields and its attributes. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 18(2-3):80-82.


Bhushan L, Ladha JK, Gupta RK, Singh S, Tirol-Padre A, Saharawat YS, Gathala M, Pathak H (2007). Saving of water and labor in rice-wheat systems with no-tillage and direct seeding technologies. Agronomy Journal 99(5):1288-1296.


Cabangon RJ, Tuong TP, Abdullah NB (2002). Comparing water input and water productivity of transplanted and direct-seeded rice production systems. Agricultural Water Management 57(1):11-31.


CDD (2015). Rice varietal mapping in Nepal: Implication for development and adoption. Hariharbhawan, Kathmandu, Crop Development Directorate.


Doran JW, Parkin TB (1994). Defining and assessing soil quality. In. Doran JW, Coleman DC, Bezdicek DF, Stewart BA (Eds.), Defining soil quality for a sustainable environment. Madison, USA: SSSA Special Publication 35:1-21.


Ehsanullah II, Ahmad ASHFAQ, Randhawa SA (2000). Effect of direct seeding and transplanting methods on the yield and quality of fine rice Basmati-370. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2(3):251-252.


Gathala MK, Ladha JK, Saharawat YS, Kumar V, Kumar V, Sharma PK (2011). Effect of tillage and crop establishment methods on physical properties of a medium-textured soil under a seven-year rice-wheat rotation. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75(5):1851-1862.


Gill JS, Walia SS, Gill RS (2014). Direct seeded rice: An alternative rice establishment technique in north-west India - A review. International Journal of Advanced Research 2(3):375-386.


Gill MS (2008). Productivity of direct-seeded rice (Oryza sativa) under varying seed rates, weed control and irrigation levels. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 78(9):766-770.


Ginigaddara GAS, Ranamukhaarachchi SL (2009). Effect of conventional, SRI and modified water management on growth, yield and water productivity of direct-seeded and transplanted rice in central Thailand. Australian Journal of Crop Science 3(5):278-286.


Gomez KA, Gomez AA (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons.


Haque MA, Miah MNH, Haque ME, Islam MS, Islam MS (2012). Response of nitrogen application at different growth stages on fine aman rice (cv. Kalizira). Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources 5(1):199-203.


Haque ME, Bell RW, Islam MA, Rahman MA (2016). Minimum tillage unpuddled transplanting: An alternative crop establishment strategy for rice in conservation agriculture cropping systems. Field Crops Research 185:31-39.


Hayashi S, Kamoshita A, Yamagishi J, Kotchasatit A, Jongdee B. (2007). Genotypic differences in grain yield of transplanted and direct-seeded rainfed lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) in northeastern Thailand. Field Crops Research 102(1):9-21.


Hobbs PR, Singh Y, Giri GS, Lauren JG, Duxbury JM (2002). Direct seeding and reduced tillage option in the rice-wheat systems of Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia. In. Pandey S, Mortimer M, Wade L, Tuong TP, Lopez K, Hardy B (Eds.), Direct seeding: research issues and opportunities. Philippines: International Rice Research Institute pp. 201-218.


Kumar V, Ladha JK (2011). Direct Seeding of Rice: recent developments and future research needs. Advances in Agronomy 111:297-413.


Mann RA, Ahmad S, Hassan G, Baloch MS (2007). Weed management in dry direct-seeded rainy season rice. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research 13(3-4):219-226.


Manzoor Z, Awan TH, Zahid MA, Faiz FA (2006). Response of rice crop (super basmati) to different nitrogen levels. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 16(1-2):52-55.


Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD) (2020). Statistical information on Nepalese Agriculture 2018/19. Kathmandu, Nepal: Planning and Development Cooperation Coordination Division, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development.


Oo NML, Shivay YS, Kumar D (2007). Effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on yield attributes, productivity and nutrient uptake of aromatic rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 77(11):772.


Patil SK, Singh U, Singh VP, Mishra VN, Das RO, Henao J (2001). Nitrogen dynamics and crop growth on an Alfisol and a Vertisol under a direct-seeded rainfed lowland rice-based system. Field Crops Research 70(3):185-199.


Sah G, Shah SC, Sah SK, Thapa RB, McDonald A, Sidhu HS, Gupta RK, Sherchan DP, Tripathi BP, Davare M, Yadav R (2014). Tillage, crop residue, and nitrogen level effects on soil properties and crop yields under rice-wheat system in the terai region of Nepal. Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Science 3(3):139-147.


Sehgal J, Abrol IP (1994). Soil degradation in India: status and impact. New Delhi, India: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.


Sharma P, Tripathi RP, Singh SK (2005). Tillage effects on soil physical properties and performance of rice-wheat cropping system under shallow water table conditions of Tarai, Northern India. European Journal of Agronomy 23(4):327-335.


Sharma PK, De Datta SK, Redulla CA (1988). Tillage effects on soil physical properties and wetland rice yield. Agronomy Journal 80(1):34-39.


Sharma PK, Ladhaand JK, Bhushan L (2003). Soil physical effects of puddling in rice-wheat cropping systems. In. Ladha JK, Hill JE, Duxbury JM, Gupta RK, Buresh RJ (Eds.), Improving the Productivity and Sustainability of Rice-Wheat Systems: Issues and Impacts. Madison, USA: ASA Special Publication 65:97-113.


Swain DK, Jagtap S (2010). Development of SPAD values of medium-and long duration rice variety for site-specific nitrogen management. Journal of Agronomy 9(2):38-44.


Tayefe M, Gerayzade A, Ebrahim A, Zade AN (2014). Effect of nitrogen on rice yield, yield components and quality parameters. African Journal of Biotechnology 13(1):91-105.


Tripathi RP, Sharma P, Singh S (2005). Tilth index: an approach to optimize tillage in rice-wheat system. Soil and Tillage Research 80(1-2):125-137.


Walker TW, Bond JA, Ottis BV, Gerard PD, Harrell DL (2008). Hybrid rice response to nitrogen fertilization for Midsouthern United States rice production. Agronomy Journal 100(2):381-386.


Yesuf E, Balcha A (2014). Effect of nitrogen application on grain yield and nitrogen efficiency of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Asian Journal of Crop Science 6(3):273-280.


Yoshida S (1981). Fundamentals of rice crop science. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines: The International Rice Research Institute.