African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Rainfall variability and its implications for agricultural production in Gedarif State, Eastern Sudan

Lotfie A. Yousif
  • Lotfie A. Yousif
  • Gedarif Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Gedarif, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Abdelrahman A. Khatir
  • Abdelrahman A. Khatir
  • El Obied Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), El Obied, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Faisal M. El-Hag
  • Faisal M. El-Hag
  • Dry Lands Research Center (DLRC), Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Soba, Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Ahmed M. Abdelkarim
  • Ahmed M. Abdelkarim
  • Sudan Meteorological Authority (SMA), Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Hussain S. Adam
  • Hussain S. Adam
  • Water Management and Irrigation Institute, University of Gezira, Wad-Medani, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Abdelhadi A. Wahab
  • Abdelhadi A. Wahab
  • College of Graduate Studies, Desert and Arid Zones Sciences Program, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain.
  • Google Scholar
Yasunori Kurosaki
  • Yasunori Kurosaki
  • Arid Land Research Center (ALRC), Tottori University, Tottori, Japan.
  • Google Scholar
Imad-eldin A. Ali-Babiker
  • Imad-eldin A. Ali-Babiker
  • Arid Land Research Center (ALRC), Tottori University, Tottori, Japan.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 03 July 2018
  •  Accepted: 27 July 2018
  •  Published: 02 August 2018


Adam HS (2008). Agroclimatology, Crop Water Requirement and Water Management; Gezira Printing and Publishing Co. LTD, Wad Medani, Sudan.


Ahmed KE (2011). Utilization of Crop Simulation Model ˝APSIM˝ in Investigating Climate Change Effects on Sorghum Yield in Gedarif Area. M.Sc. Thesis, Sudan Academy of Sciences.


Ahmed MAM (1994). Introducing New Technologies on Vertisols of Eastern Sudan: A Dynamic Programming Approach. Ph.D Thesis, Purdue University, USA.


Ali Babiker IA, El-Hag FAM, Abdelkarim AM, Abdalla AK (2015). Changing Climate and Farming Productivity in the Drylands of Eastern Sudan. Sudan Academy of Sciences Journal-Special Issue (Climate Change) 11(1):56-61.


Batisani N Yarnal B (2010). Rainfall variability and trends in semi-arid Botswana: Implications for climate change adaptation policy. Applied Geography 30:483-489.


Central Bank of Sudan (2013). Annual report No. 53 for the year 2013. Central Bank of Sudan, Government of Sudan.


Dong W, Jiang Y, Yang S (2009). Response of the starting dates and length of seasons in Mainland China to global warming. Climatic Change 99(1-2):81-91.


Eckert S, Hüsler F, Liniger H, Hodel F (2015). Trend analysis of MODIS NDVI time series for detecting land degradation and regeneration in Mongolia. Journal of Arid Environments 113:16-28.


ESRI (2008). ArcGIS software, version 9.3 User Manual. 380 New York Street, Redlands, CA 92373-8100, USA.


Farah SM, Ali IA, Inanaga S (1996). The Role of Climate and Cultural Practices on Land Degradation and Desertification with References to Rainfed Agriculture in the Sudan, Proceeding of the Fifth International Conference on Desert Development, Volume 1, Texas Tech University, August 12-17 1996.


Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (2015). Annual National Agricultural Statistics Report by Administration of Planning and Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Census, Khartoum, Sudan. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Government of Sudan.


Fuller DO (1998). Trends in NDVI time series and their relation to rangeland and crop production in Senegal, 1987- 1993. International Journal of Remote Sensing 19(10):2013-2018.


Huho JM (2011). Rain-fed Agriculture and Climate Change: An Analysis of the Most Appropriate Planting Dates in Central Division of Laikipia District, Kenya. International Journal of Current Research 3(4):172-182.


International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (2009). Climate change: impact on agriculture and costs of adaptation. International Food Policy Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.


Magboul AM, Elamin AEM, Ali-Babiker IA, Abdelmalik MA, Ibnoaf AA, El-Hag FM (2015). Assessment of Climate Change and Variability in Butana Region, Sudan. Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies 3(1):1-8.


Mertz O, Halnaes K, Olesen JE, Rasmussen K (2009). Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries. Environmental Management 43(5):743-752.


Ministry of Agriculture (2011). Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation; Department of Agricultural Economics and Statistics, Gedarif state, Sudan. Ministry of Agriculture, State Government of Gedarif, Sudan.


Mohamed HA (1998). Rainfall in the Sudan: trend and agricultural implications. SUDAN Journal of Agricultural Research 1:45-48.


Rawhani P, Lobell DB, Linderman M, Ramankutty N (2011). Climate Variability and Crop Production in Tanzania, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151(4):449-460.


Rockström J, Barron J, Fox P (2002). Rainwater management for Increased Productivity among Smallholder Farmer in Drought. prone Environments. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 27(11-22):949-959.


Schimel DS, House JI, Hibbard KA (2001). Recent patterns and mechanism of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature 414:169-172.


Sudan Meteorological Authority (2010). Sudan Seasonal Monitor 5:1-6.


Tilahun K (2006). Analysis of rainfall climate and evapo-transpiration in arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia using data over the last half a century, Journal of Arid Environments 64(3):474-487.


Yousif LA, Elhagwa AI, Awad Elkarim MI (2012). Effect of soil moisture contents on machinery performance in the clay soils of rainfed agriculture, eastern Sudan, Life Science International Journal 6(4):2690-2695.


Zhou LM, Tucker CJ, Kaufmann RK, Slayback D, Shabanov NV, Myneni RB (2001). Variations in northern vegetation activity inferred from satellite data of vegetation index during 1981 to 1999. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(17):20069-20083.