|Aklilu HA, Alemkinders CJM, Udo HMJ (2004). Socio-economic factors affecting poultry keeping in Ethiopia and their implication for innovation research approaches, department of ARWS, MU, Mekelle, Ethiopia.|
|Alders R, Spradbrow P (2000). Newcastle Disease in village chickens, A field manual. Maputo, Mozambique P. 46.|
|Arsham H (2002). Descriptive sampling data analysis. statistical thinking for managerial decision making.|
|Ashenafi H, Eshetu Y (2004). Study on Gastrointestinal Helminths of Local Chickens in Central Ethiopia. Revue Méd. Vét. 155:504-507.|
|Dawit A, Tamrat D, Stotaw F, Nzietcheung S, Roy D (2008). Overview and background paper on Ethiopia's poultry sector. Relevance for HPAI Reseasrch in Ethiopia. www.hpai-reserach net. Accessed 06 April 2011.|
|Demelsh B, Ajebu N (2003). Observation into the effect of outbreak of coccidiosis associated with respiratory infection at poultry farm of Awassa College of Agriculture. Ethiop. Vet. J. 7:32-45.|
|Dinka H, Regassa C, Fufa D, Endale B, Leta S (2010). Major Constraints and Health Management of Village Poultry Production in Rift Valley of Oromia, Ethiopia. American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 9(5):529-533.|
|Galazka A, Milstien J, Zaffran M (1998). Thermostability of vaccines. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1998.|
|Halima H (2007). Phenotypic and Genetic Characterization of Indigenous Chicken Populations in Northwest Ethiopia. PhD Thesis; University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa, P. 186.|
|Khandait V, Gawande S, Lohakare A, Dhenge S (2011). Adoption Level and Constraints in Backyard Poultry Rearing Practices at Bhandara District of Maharashtra (India). Res. J. Agric. Sci. 2(1):110-113.|
|Leta S, Endalew B (2010). Survey on Village Based Chicken Production and Utilization System in Mid Rift Valley of Oromia, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria, 5(4):198-203.|
|Mekonnen G (2007). Characterization of the smallholder poultry production and marketing system of dale, wonsho and loka abaya weredas of SNNPRS. MSc Thesis. Hawassa University.|
|Melkamu Y, Wube A (2013). Constarints and opportunities of village chicken production in Debsan Tikara Kebele, Gondder Zuria Woreda. Int. J. Sci. Res. Pub. 3 (9):2250-3153.|
Mengesha M, Tamir B, Dessie T (2011). Village Chicken Constraints and Traditional Management Practices in Jamma District, South Wollo, Ethiopia. Lives. Res. For. Rural Dev. 23(37).
|Moges F, Abera M, Tadelle D (2010). Assessment of village chicken production system and evaluation of the productive and reproductive performance of local chicken ecotype in Bure district, North West Ethiopia. Afr. J. Agri. Res. 5(13):1739-1748.|
|Muchadeyi F, Wollny C, Eding H, Weigend S, Makuza M, Simianer H (2007). Variation in village chicken production systems among agro-ecological zones of Zimbabwe. Trop. Anim. Health. Prod. 39:453-461.|
|NABC (2004). Carcass disposal: a comprehensive review. Report written for the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. National Agricultural Biosecurity Centre, Kansas State University, USA.|
|Negesse T (1991). A survey of internal parasites of local chickens of southern Ethiopa. Indian J. Poult. Sci. 26:128-129.|
|Nigussie D, Alemu Y, Tadelle D, Samuel W (2003). On-station and on-farm evaluation of the 'hay-Box chick brooder' using different insulation materials at Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center and Denbi village, Adaa woreda. In: Proceedings of the 10th annual conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), August 21–23, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 211–216.|
|Rahman M, Sorensen P, Jensen H, Dolberg F (1997). Exotic hens under Semi-scavenging condition in Bangladesh. Livestock Research for rural Development, 9:3.|
Ritter WF, Chirnside AEM (1995). Impact of dead bird disposal pits on groundwater quality on the Delmarva Peninsula. Bioresource Technol. 53:105–111.
|Serkalem T, Hagos A, Zeleke A (2005). Seroprevalence study of Newcastle disease on local chickens in central Ethiopia,FVM, AAU, DebreZeit, Ethiopia.|
Solomon D (2008): Ethiopia: Poultry sector country review. FAO, Rome, Italy.
|Tadelle D (2001). The role of scavenging poultry in integrated farming systems in Ethiopia. Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. Livestock feed resources within 55 integrated farming systems. pp. 377–399.|
Tadelle D, Ogle B (2001). Village poultry production systems in central highlands of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 33(6):521-537.
|Tadesse D, Harpal S, Ashenafi M, Wondimeneh E, Tadelle D (2013). Study on management practices and marketing systems of village chicken in East Shewa, Ethiopia. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 8(22):2696-2702, 13 June, 2013.|
|Takele T, Oli W (2011). Uses and flock management practices of scavenging chickens in Wolaita Zone of southern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 44:537-544.|
|Upton M (2004). The Role of Livestock in Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Online.Rome(Italy).FAO.|
|Zajac A, Conboy G (2006). Veterinary clinical parasitology . 7th edition, Balackwell publishing, Ames, Lowa. P. 4-6.|
Copyright © 2022 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0