African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6255

Full Length Research Paper

Farmers’ insecticide use practices and species composition and abundance of thrips species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on onion in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Belete Negash
  • Belete Negash
  • Department of Plant and Horticulture Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hawassa University, College of Agriculture, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Ferdu Azerefegne
  • Ferdu Azerefegne
  • Department of Plant and Horticulture Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hawassa University, College of Agriculture, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Gashawbeza Ayalew
  • Gashawbeza Ayalew
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Melkassa Research Center, Adama, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 10 March 2019
  •  Accepted: 23 April 2019
  •  Published: 30 September 2019


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Belay M, Arthur T, Mol PJ, Oosterveer P (2017). Pesticide use practices among smallholder vegetable farmers in Ethiopian Central Rift Valley. Environment, Development and Sustainability 19(1):301-324.


Bielza P (2008). Perspective insecticide resistance management strategies against the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis. Pest Management Science 64:1131-1138.


Bommarco R, Miranda F, Bylund H, Björkman C (2011). Insecticides suppress natural enemies and increase pest damage in cabbage. Journal of Economic Entomology 104(3):782-791.


Central Statistical Authority (CSA) (2016). Agricultural sample survery 2015/16 (2008 E.C.). Report on area, production and farm management practice of belg season crops for private peasant holdings. Volume 5. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Statistical Bulletin P. 578.


Daniels H, Fors S (2015). Supply & value chain analysis of nnions in Ethiopia. SLU, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2010). Onion seed production techniques. A Manual for Extension Agents and Seed Producers. Asella, Ethiopia. 



Gao Y, Lei Z, Reitz SR (2012). Western flower thrips resistance to insecticides: Detection, mechanisms and management strategies. Pest Management Science 68(8):1111-1121.


Gill HK, Garg H, Gill AK, Gillett-Kaufman JL, Nault BA (2015). Onion Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) biology, ecology, and management in onion production systems. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 6(1):6-6.


ICIPE (International Centre Of Insect Physiology and Ecology) (2009). Integrated control of thrips in vegetables in eastern Africa, Interim report on the outcomes of thrips and tospovirus survey in Kenya. African Insect Science for Food and Health P 254.


Kaur H, Garg H (2014). Pesticides: Environmental impacts and management strategies. Pesticides - Toxic Aspects pp. 187-230.


Khaliq A, Tahir M (2015). Field evaluation of selected botanicals and commercial synthetic insecticides against Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera : Thripidae ) populations and predators in onion field plot. Crop Protection 62:10-15.


Mound LA, Azidah A (2009). Species of the genus Thrips (Thysanoptera) from Peninsular Malaysia, with a checklist of recorded Thripidae. Zootaxa 2023. Zootaxa pp. 55-68.


Reed JT, Allen C, Bagwell R, Cook D, Burris E, Freeman B, Leonard R, Lentz G (2003). A key to the Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on seedling cotton in the Mid-Southern United States.


Selamawit K, Lemma D, Buzuayehu T (2013). Effect of planting methods on maturity and yield of onion (Allium cepa var cepa) in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Science 55(24):46-55.


Sparks AN, Liu T (1914). Thrips on onions identification and management. Extension Entomologist and Research Entomologist. The Texas A&M University System, pp. 1-4.


Ssemwogerere C, Ochwo-Ssemakula MKN, Kovach J, Kyamanywa S, Karungi J (2013). Species composition and occurrence of thrips on tomato and pepper as influenced by farmers' management practices in Uganda. Journal of Plant Protection Research 53(2):158-164


Stuart RR, Gao Y, Lei ZR (2011). Thrips: Pests of concern to China and the United States. Agricultural Sciences in China 10(6):867-892.


Tebkew D, Getachew T (2015). Small-Scale vegetable producers' perception of pests and pesticide uses in east Shewa Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Pest Management 61(3):212-219.


Wang BS, Lin SS, Hsiao WC, Fan JJ, Fuh LF, Duh PD (2006). Protective effects of an aqueous extract of Welsh onion green leaves on oxidative damage of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Food Chemistry 98:149-157.


Zhao X, Reitz SR, Yuan H, Lei Z, Paini DR, Gao Y (2017). Pesticide-mediated interspecific competition between local and invasive thrips pests. Nature Publishing Group pp. 1-7.