African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6859

Table of Content: 27 November, 2012; 7(45)

November 2012

Growth, bulb yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) as influenced by nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on vertisol. II: Bulb quality and storability

  An experiment was conducted to study the effect of different levels of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizers on bulb quality and storability of onion (Allium cepa L.) grown on vertisol of Shewa Robit, North-East Ethiopia. Five rates of N (0, 69, 92, 115, 138 kg ha-1) and five rates of P (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 kg ha-1) were arranged in a randomized complete block design, replicated three times....

Author(s):     T. Tekalign, Y. Abdissa, and L. M. Pant                

November 2012

Husbandry and breeding practices of cattle in Mursi and Bodi pastoral communities in Southwest Ethiopia

  This study was conducted with the objectives of documenting the husbandry and breeding practices of Mursi and Bodi communities who keep Mursi cattle breed in the pastoral production system of southwest Ethiopia. The pastoral communities raise more number of cattle (54.27 heads) compared to goat (6.47) and sheep (1.24). Sale of cattle is the main income source, while sale of honey and goat ranked second and...

Author(s):   Endashaw Terefe, Tadelle Dessie, Aynalem Haile, Wudyalew Mulatu and Okeyo Mwai        

November 2012

Rice marketing in Bangladesh: From the perspective of village study at Cox’s Bazar district

  The paper analyzes the problems and prospects of rice marketing in Bangladesh by way of using secondary data as well as primary data. Both secondary and primary data are indicative of the fact that rice marketing in Bangladesh is marred by a wide range of problems including packaging, transporting, storage, distribution and pricing. There is a comparative advantage in the production of high yielding rice in...

Author(s):   Abeda Sultana  

November 2012

Effects of variety on yield, physical properties and storability of tomato under ambient conditions

  Three processing and six fresh market tomato varieties were evaluated for yield and related traits. The tomato varieties harvested at "mature green” stage were evaluated for changes in physical quality characteristics during the storage period of 32 days under ambient conditions. Both field and storage studies were undertaken using randomized complete block design with three replications. Physical...

Author(s):   Tigist A., T. Seyoum Workneh and K. Woldetsadik      

November 2012

Watermelon landrace seedling establishment and field performance in response to differing water regimes

  Wild watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is an indigenous crop whose agronomic potential has not been well investigated in South Africa. However, the country has a significant amount of the crop’s germplasm in the form of landraces. Three local landraces of watermelon were compared for seedling establishment and production under controlled and dry land field conditions. The objective of the study was to...

Author(s):   Modi A. T. and Zulu N. S.        

November 2012

Identification of fish species of Çamlıgöze Dam Lake, Sivas, Turkey

  This study was carried out to determine fish species in Çamlıgöze Dam Lake located at Central Anatolian region of Turkey. Fish samples were caught seasonally with nets of various mesh sizes between April 2010 and January 2011 in Çamlıgöze Dam Lake. As a result of evaluated fish samples Oncorhynchus mykissbelonging to Salmonidae, Cyprinus carpio, Barbus...

Author(s):   Seher Dirican and Süleyman Çilek        

November 2012

Traditional vegetables of northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Has indigenous knowledge expanded the menu?

  A survey was conducted on traditional vegetables in three districts of northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The objective was to determine which alien and native plant species were collected from the wild or cultivated for use as leafy vegetables. The survey documented 72 vegetable species of which nearly half were alien species. The majority of the vegetables were collected from the wild (56 species) and...

Author(s):   Nontuthuko R. Ntuli, Alpheus M. Zobolo, Stefan J. Siebert and Rufaro M. Madakadze        

November 2012

Incidence of potato blackleg caused by Pectobacterium atrosepticum in district Chiniot and its management through bio-products

  Potato is an important commercial crop of the world. It was reported to be affected by many biotic and abiotic factors. Among biotic factors is a blackleg, a bacterial disease of potato caused by Pectobacterium atrosepticum and is responsible for both quantitative and qualitative losses in the field and in the storage. This disease has been found to be more frequent in the districts of Chiniot....

Author(s):   Abdul Rashid, Muhammad Abu Bakker Fahad, Muhammad Aslam Khan, Abdul Mateen, Muhammad Farooq, Muhammad Ashraf, Faqir Ahmad, Muhammad Latif and Masood Ahmad        

November 2012

Evaluation of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids, seed germination and seedling characters in water stress conditions

  Drought stress is one of the most important environmental factors that reduce growth, development and production of plants. Germination is one of the main growth stages, and success in this stage is dependent on moisture content of soil at time of planting. This study examined germination characteristics of four maize hybrids under four levels of osmotic potential (0, -3, -6 and -9 bar) polyethyleneglycol...

Author(s):   Zahra Khodarahmpour    

November 2012

Genetic divergence among sunflower genotypes based on morphoagronomic traits in Parana State

  This work aimed to evaluate the genetic divergence among 16 sunflower hybrids. Experiment was developed in Umuarama County, Parana State, Brazil, in 2010/2011 cropping season. Experimental design used was randomized complete block with four replications. The characteristics evaluated were: Final stand, plant height, chapter curvature, chapter size, grain yield, weight of 1000 achene’s and oil content....

Author(s):     Juliana Parisotto Poletine, Cleber Daniel de Goes Maciel, João Igor de Souza,     Marco Antonio Aparecido Barelli, Yara Camila Fabrin Cabral, Verena Benício de Oliveira and Leonarda Grillo Neves      

November 2012

Studies on pectinase activities of isolates of Erwinia carotovora and Rhizopus sp. causing soft rot in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var capitata L.)

  Four isolates of Erwinia carotovora, isolated from cabbage, potato and carrot and one isolate of soft rot causing Rhizopus sp., were evaluated for their ability to cause soft rot and to produce pectinases. The results showed that all isolates varied in macerating ability and carrot isolate of E. carotovora showed the highest activity of pectinases. All...

Author(s):   K. A. Bhat, N. A. Bhat, F. A. Mohiddin, P. A. Sheikh and A. H. Wani        

November 2012

Feasibility of biological control of chestnut blight caused by Cryphonectria parasitica, in Marmara region of Turkey

Bursa and Yalova provinces are very important centers of chestnut production and processing. Chestnut blight is a serious disease of Castanea spp. and the only feasible method to control it is the use of hypovirulence. Hypovirulence and vegetative compatibility (vc) types of 198 isolates of Cryphonectria parasitica obtained from 15 different locations from Bursa and Yalova provinces in three years...

Author(s):   Seçil AKILLI    

November 2012

Sowing date and boll position affected boll weight, fiber quality and fiber physiological parameters in two cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) cultivars

To study the effects of sowing date and boll position on fiber quality and the physiological mechanism, field experiments were conducted using two cotton cultivars (Kemian 1 and Sumian 15) with two sowing dates (normal sowing date 25 April, and late sowing date 25 May) at Nanjing (118°50′E, 32°02′N), Jiangsu, China, in 2006 and 2007. Cotton bolls were divided into three parts (low, middle and upper)...

Author(s):   Wenqing Zhao, Youhua Wang, Hongmei Shu, Jian Li and Zhiguo Zhou        

November 2012

Initial growth response of Moringa oleifera seedlings to different soil amendments

  Moringa oleifera is one of the important traditional multipurpose food plants that is produced and used in many African countries. However, the production capacity is low and therefore do not meet the ever growing demand for human and animal consumption. To solve the problem, this study was initiated to assess the effect of three different soil amendments on the initial growth performance of M....

Author(s):   William J. Asante, Kwame Ochire-Boadu and Baatuuwie N. B.        

November 2012

Effectiveness of hydrologically upgraded natural vegetation riparian buffer on stream water quality protection at Uyo municipality cattle market/slaughter, Nigeria

  A hydrologically upgraded secondary bush-fallow was used as natural native vegetation riparian buffer to protect water quality of adjacent stream against organic waste pollution by non-point source (NPS) run-off and abattoir wastewater draining from the cattle market/slaughter lots at the upslope of the buffer in Uyo municipality, Nigeria. Buffer site characteristics and soil properties and the quality of the...

Author(s):   Obot E. Essien