In this study, various magnetic field intensities between 2.9 to 4.8 mT by 1ms-1speed applied to mature embryos of Flamura-85 wheat variety and effects of magnetic field on different physiological (regeneration rate, average plant fresh weights, and average plant lengths) and biochemical [total protein, and chlorophyll amounts, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) enzyme activities] parameters were investigated. Compared to the control group, an increase was detected on physiological parameters of 2.2 and 19.8 s magnetic field applied Flamura-85 wheat variety. Total protein and chlorophyll amounts, SOD, CAT, POX and APX enzyme activities of 2.2 and 19.8 s magnetic field applied experimental groups presented increase compared to the control, depending on applied magnetic field intensity.
Key words: Antioxidant enzymes, chlorophyll amount, growth parameters, magnetic field, plant tissue culture, protein amount, wheat.
AL, average plant length; 2,4-D, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid;EDTA, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; fw, average plant fresh weight; MF,magnetic field; MS, Murashige and Skoog (1962); NBT, nitro-blue tetrazolium; SD,standard deviation; SOD, superoxide dismutase; CAT, catalase; POX, peroxidase;APX, ascorbate peroxidase.
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