African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12200

Full Length Research Paper

Rapid micropropagation of Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. Kulturpfl. (a valuable medicinal plant) from shoot bud explants

Nor Azma Yusuf 1,2*, M. M. Suffian Annuar1 and Norzulaani Khalid1
  1Biotechnology and Bioproduct Research Cluster, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2Faculty of Plantation and Agro biotech, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University Technology MARA (Uitm) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected],[email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 December 2010
  •  Published: 14 February 2011

Abstract

 

A successful protocol was developed for mass propagation of Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. Kulturpfl., an important medicinal plant. Numerous shoots were induced from young shoot bud of B. rotunda mature rhizome on Murashige and Skoog (1962) medium supplemented with 30.0 g/l sucrose, 2.0 g/l gelrite, different concentrations of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and α-naphtaleneacetic acid (NAA). Plant medium supplemented with different concentrations of BAP alone or with NAA produced varying degree of multiple shoots. A supplementation of 2.0 mg/l BAP and 0.5 mg/l NAA gave the best result. Ninety percent of the explants induced multiple shoots within 10 to 14 days of inoculation with five maximum numbers of shoots per explant. The numbers of multiple shoots was low during initial subculture but increased after third subculture and were slightly decreased after fourth subculture. Rooting was spontaneous in almost all the treatments after 10 to 14 days of culture. Micropropagated plantlets were successfully acclimatized.

 

Key words: Boesenbergia rotunda, micropropagation, medicinal plant, Zingiberaceae.

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