African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12405

Full Length Research Paper

Isolates of Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides (SC) in small ruminants in Sahel zone of Nigeria and its implications on disease control

  Egwu G. O.1, Adamu M.2*, Mshelia G. D.3 and Bukar-Kolo Y. M.1      
  1Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. 2Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, University of Agriculture, PMB 2373, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. 3Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenolgy, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 05 March 2012
  •  Published: 20 March 2012

Abstract

 

A study on the isolation of Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides (SC) in small ruminants and its implication on disease control was carried out in the Sahel zone of Nigeria. This was achieved by the examination of pneumonic lesions in apparently normal and affected lungs of sheep and goats slaughtered at Maiduguri municipal abattoir. A total of 400 lungs (200 each from sheep and goats) were examined at post-mortem (PM) for pneumonic lesions. Of this number, 50 (25%) sheep had pneumonic lungs, while almost double the number 89 (44.5%) of goats showed pneumonic lungs. The prevalence of pneumonic lungs in the sheep was higher amongst the females (34.3%) than the males (23%), while in the goats, the prevalence was higher in the males (48%) compared to the females (38.7%) examined. Seven different Mycoplasma species were isolated from both unaffected and affected lungs of sheep and goats. 42 isolates were obtained from 150 unaffected sheep samples, whilst 36 isolates were obtained from 50 affected sheep. Of the 111 unaffected and 89 affected caprine lung samples, a total of 55 and 66 Mycoplasmaisolates were recovered respectively. The commonly occurring Mycoplasmas in both unaffected and affected lungs of sheep and goats were Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae(30%), Mycoplama mycoides subspecies capri (29.5%), Mycoplama mycoidessubspecies mycoides SC (13.5%) and Mycoplasma capricolum (11.5%) withMycobacterium bovis (1.5%) being the least isolatedTo the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of the occurrence of Mycoplasma mycoidessubspecies mycoides SC the causative agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in cattle in small ruminants (sheep and goats) in Nigeria. Although the isolation rate of M. bovis was low in this study, its isolation in non-bovine ruminants is significant as it shows evidence of mycoplasma circulation between various animal species reared in close contact. These findings may pose serious impediments to the control of endemic CBPP in Nigeria.

 

Key words: Isolates, Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides, sheep, goats, Nigeria.

Abbreviation

PM, Post-mortem; CBPP, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia.