African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12138

Full Length Research Paper

Genetic diversity and historical demography of Chinese shrimp Feneropenaeus chinensis in Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea based on mitochondrial DNA analysis

Yu Long Li1,2, Xiao Yu Kong2*, Zi Niu Yu2, Jie Kong3, Shen Ma1 and Li Mei Chen1
  1Mariculture Research laboratory, Education Ministry of China, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China. 2Laboratory of Marine Bio-resource Sustainable Utilization, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China. 3Yellow Sea Institute of Fisheries Research, Chinese Academy of Fisheries Science, Qingdao 266071, China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 January 2009
  •  Published: 06 April 2009



Genetic structure and demographic history of shrimp Feneropenaeus chinensiswere examined using sequence data from portions of the mitochondrial cytochromec oxidase I (COI) gene. Samples of 91 individuals were collected from 5 localities over most of the species’ range in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. Variability was detected at a total of 20 nucleotide sites, defining 20 haplotypes of COI in this species. The detected level of variation was low, with H = 0.4816 ± 0.0639 and π = 0.0846 ± 0.0711% respectively. Analysis of molecular variance and the conventional population statistic FST revealed no significant genetic structure throughout the range of F. chinensis. Both mismatch distribution analyses and neutrality tests suggested a late Pleistocene or Holocene population expansion (12,100 – 28,500 years ago) for the species, which was consistent with the geological period of formation of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. These results indicated that F. chinensis in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea might have undergone a genetic bottleneck or founder event during the late Pleistocene globle glacial period.


Key words: Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene, Feneropenaeus chinensis, historical demography, mtDNA, population expansion.