African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12191

Full Length Research Paper

Structural optimization and docking studies of anatoxin-a: A potent neurotoxin

Naresh Kumar*
  • Naresh Kumar*
  • Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667 India.
  • Google Scholar
Archit Garg
  • Archit Garg
  • Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667 India.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 28 January 2014
  •  Accepted: 04 July 2014
  •  Published: 23 July 2014

Abstract

In this investigation, our aim was to get more insight on the geometry optimization, structural properties and molecular interaction of anatoxin-a, a naturally occurring potent neurotoxin. The geometry of the anatoxin-a was fully optimized in terms of density functional theory Gaussian 09. Calculations for structural parameters viz. total energy, dipole moment, electro-negativity, chemical hardness, chemical softness, electronic chemical potential and electrophilic index of optimized geometries has been carried out. The energy difference between HOMO-LUMO was found to be -4.89 eV. Furthermore, the molecular docking of anatoxin-a with nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) was performed in order to find the molecular interaction involved in the inhibition process of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor by anatoxin-a by using Glide 5.9. Our results clearly indicates that anatoxin-a bind to the A-chain of nAChR with hydrophobic interactions between anatoxin-a and Phe214, Tyr277 and Thr281 residues of protein with bond length 1.97, 1.96 and 2.04 Å, respectively. The glide energy and docking score were found to be -18.242 and -4.567, respectively.

 

Key words: Anatoxin-a, Neurotoxin, Acetylcholine, Gaussian 09, molecular docking, glide.