African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12212

Full Length Research Paper

Overexpression of homogentisate phytyltransferase in lettuce results in increased content of vitamin E

Weiwei Ren, Lingxia Zhao, Yuliang Wang, Lijie Cui, Yueli Tang, Xiaofen Sun and Kexuan Tang*
Plant Biotechnology Research Center, Fudan-SJTU-Nottingham Plant Biotechnology R&D Center, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 July 2011
  •  Published: 19 October 2011


Vitamin E is a group of lipid soluble compounds, which are important antioxidants and play a crucial role in mammals and plants. They can protect the membrane from photooxidation, and they are involved in signal transduction and transcription regulation as well. The enzyme homogentisate phytyltransferase (HPT) has been demonstrated to be a key enzyme limiting tocopherol biosynthesis. In this study,HPT gene isolated from Lactuca sativa L. (LsHPT) was transferred into L. sativa(lettuce) via Agrobacterium-mediated method and 15 transgenic plants were obtained. The expression of LsHPT gene and the total content of α and γ-tocopherol in transgenic plants were increased up to 4 and 2.61 folds, respectively, demonstrating that overexpression of HPT gene is an effective way to improve vitamin E content in lettuce.


Key words: Lactuca sativa, tocopherol, homogentisate phytyltransferase (HPT),Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, real-time fluorescent quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).


DRI, Dietary reference intake; FW, fresh weight; GGDP,geranylgeranyl diphosphate; HGA, homogentisic acid; HPLC, high performance liquid chromatography; HPT, homogentisate phytyltransferase; MPBQ, 2-methyl-6-phytyl-1,4-benzoquinol; PDP, phytyl diphosphate; PFD, photon flux density; RACE,rapid amplification of cDNA ends; ROS, reactive oxygen species.

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