African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12392

Full Length Research Paper

Ethanol production from Washingtonia robusta fruits by using commercial yeast

Mehmet Ali Mazmanci
Department of Environment Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Mersin University, 33343 Mersin, Turkey. 
Email: [email protected]; [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 16 September 2010
  •  Published: 03 January 2011


In this study, ethanol production from fruits of Washingtonia robusta was investigated.  Effects of different contact times (1 - 24 h), pH (2 - 12) temperature (20, 30, 40, 50ËšC) and autoclave pretreatment (121ËšC, 10 min, 1.2 atm) were also studied to improve the solubility of reducing sugar in fruits. Baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) was used for fermentation of that reducing sugar. Results showed that solubility of reducing sugar increased with increasing contact time. Optimal pH and temperature for solubility of reducing sugar were 6.8 - 7.2 (deionized water) and 50ËšC. HPLC analysis showed that samples contained only glucose and fructose as a sugar source. Autoclave pretreatment protected the samples from contamination and increased the reducing sugar concentration up to 105 g/L. Ethanol production reached up to 25 g /L at the end of eight days by using commercial yeast. Bioethanol yield was found to be 71.42 ± 1.4 g ethanol/kg fruit.


Key words: Ethanol, fruit, reducing sugar, Washingtonia robusta.


Abbreviations: RSC, Reducing sugar concentration; DW, deionized water; STA,static condition; AGT, agitated condition; AU, autoclave treatment.