African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12227

Full Length Research Paper

Nutritional composition of five food trees species products used in human diet during food shortage period in Burkina Faso

Thiombiano Daniabla Natacha Edwige*
  • Thiombiano Daniabla Natacha Edwige*
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et d’Ecologie Végétales, UFR Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 B.P. 848 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Parkouda Charles
  • Parkouda Charles
  • Département Technologie Alimentaire/Institut de Recherche en Sciences Appliquées et Technologies, 03 BP 7047 Ouagadougou.
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Lamien Niéyidouba
  • Lamien Niéyidouba
  • Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles, BP 10 Koudougou, Burkina Faso.
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Séré Aminata
  • Séré Aminata
  • Département de Biochimie/Microbiologie, Laboratoire de Biochimie Alimentaire, Enzymologie, Biotechnologie Industrielle et Bioinformatique, UFR Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 B.P. 848 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Castro-Euler Ana Margarida
  • Castro-Euler Ana Margarida
  • Embrapa Amapa Rodovia Juscelino Kubitschek, km5, N°2600CEP 68903-419 Caixa Postal 10 Macapa, DF68906-970 BR Brazil.
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Boussim Issaka Joseph
  • Boussim Issaka Joseph
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et d’Ecologie Végétales, UFR Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 B.P. 848 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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  •  Received: 11 November 2013
  •  Accepted: 05 March 2014
  •  Published: 23 April 2014

Abstract

The proximate compositions, minerals and amino acids contents of Detarium microcarpum, Gardenia erubescens, Parkia biglobosa, Adansonia digitata pulp, seeds of Boscia senegalensis and leaves of A. digitata were studied and quantified in Burkina Faso. Using the conventional procedures described by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, proximate analysis was done. The minerals were determined by spectrometry and photometry. The profile and total amount of amino acids were determined by reverse phase HPLC using Pico-Tag method. The results showed that the protein content were ranged from 1.10 ± 0.20 to 24.23 ± 0.15%, total carbohydrate varied from 6.7 ± 0.11 to 79.73 ± 1.69%, lipids varied from 1.11 ± 0.08 to 4.65 ± 0.12% and ash from 1.16 ± 0.1 to 11.76 ± 0.10%. These results allowed distinguishing species which are potential sources of protein, calories and micronutrients. Consumption of these tree products can help to overcome nutrients deficiency that is prevalent in poor urban and rural areas of Burkina Faso.

 

Key words: Food composition, nutrition, food insecure, wild trees, Burkina Faso.