African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12405

Full Length Research Paper

Optimal conditions for mycelia biomass and extracellular polysaccharides of Grifola frondosa: Effect of agitation speed, inoculum ratio and initial pH

  Huu-Nghi Nguyen1, Tzu-Ching Wang2, Ta-Chen Lin3 and Jia-Hsin Guo4*      
  1Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam. 2 Department of Food and Beverage Management Section, Tzuhui Institute of Technology, Pingtung 92641, Taiwan, Republic of China. 3Department of Hospitality, Nanya Institute of Technology, Taoyuan County 32091, Taiwan, Republic of China. 4Department of Food Science, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, 91201, Taiwan, Republic of China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 March 2012
  •  Published: 20 March 2012



Grifola frondosa, a medicinal and edible mushroom, has shown different bioactive compounds, such as polysaccharides with anticancer and other therapeutic properties. In the present research, the mycelia of G. frondosa were cultivated in shaking flasks to investigate the effects of agitation speeds, inoculum ratios, and initial pH on pellet morphology, biomass, and extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production. Furthermore, mathematical models for optimizing the three factors for biomass and EPS production were developed. The results show that the culture parameters including agitation speed, inoculum ratio, and initial pH influenced pellet morphology, biomass, and EPS production. The optimal conditions for biomass and EPS production were agitation speed at 105 and 111 rpm, inoculum ratio 3.1 and 3.3%, and initial pH 5.5 and 5.6, respectively. Under these conditions, the predicted maximum biomass and EPS were 5.28 and 2.35 mg/ml, respectively. The findings may be useful for future development of fermentation techniques for the production ofG. frondosa products.


Key words: Grifola frondosa, biomass, extracellular polysaccharides, optimization.