African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12365

Full Length Research Paper

Antioxidant activity and total phenolics of some mangroves in Sundarbans

Deepanjan Banerjee, Shrabana Chakrabarti, Alok K. Hazra, Shivaji Banerjee, Jharna Ray and Biswapati Mukherjee*
S. N. Pradhan Centre for Neurosciences, University of Calcutta, 244 B Acharya J. C. Bose Road, Kolkata 700 020, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 28 January 2008
  •  Published: 18 March 2008

Abstract

The antioxidant activity of 23 extracts from different plant parts (leaves, stem bark and root) of 6 mangroves and 4 mangrove associates was examined. The content of total phenolics in the extracts was calculated as gallic acid equivalent (GAE) and anti-radical activity was estimated as IC50 values using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Remarkable high phenolic content (GAE > 25 mg/g), strong reducing ability (ascorbic acid equivalent, AAE > 3.5 mg/g) and anti-radical activity (IC50 < 2.9 mg/ml) were found in 11 different extracts comprising of 6 mangrove and 4 mangrove associate species. The best results were obtained for Ceriops decandra stem bark extract (phenolic content as GAE = 94.4 mg/g, reducing power as AAE = 13.04 mg/g and DPPH radical scavenging ability as IC50 = 0.65 mg/ml). A significant correlation was observed between GAE and AAE of respective extracts. The results indicate promising mangrove species for the utilization as significant source of natural antioxidant. 

 

Key words:  Mangrove, natural antioxidant, total phenolics, reducing power, radical scavenging ability.