Cell suspension cultures were established using soft, friable callus derived from nucellar tissue of ‘Hass’ avocado (Persea americana Mill.) seed from fruit harvested 190 days after full bloom. Cell cultures were maintained in liquid medium supplemented with naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), isopentenyl adenine (iP) and sucrose and sub-cultured at 14 day intervals. Growth was typically sigmoidal with a lag phase of 7 days followed by an exponential phase of approximately 14 days. Mevastatin, an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR, EC 220.127.116.11) was used to probe the contribution of metabolites of the isoprenoid pathway for avocado cell growth. Treatment with mevastatin inhibited cell growth and caused loss of cell viability. Inhibition of cell growth was transient and at all concentrations of mevastatin tested, recovery was evident within 17 days. The arrest of cell growth by 1 and 40 μmol/L mevastatin was negated when this inhibitor of HMGR was supplied in the presence of either mevalonolactone (MVL) or farnesyl diphosphate (FDP). By comparison, co-treatment of cells supplied 1 μmol/L mevastatin with stigmasterol showed little or no response whereas at 40 μmol/L mevastatin, stigmasterol induced partial recovery of cell growth. The results indicate a requirement for mevalonic acid (MVA) and cytosolic isoprenoid biosynthesis, in particular FDP, for avocado cell growth and support the hypothesis that appearance of the small-fruit phenotype in ‘Hass’ is inextricably linked to activity of HMGR.
Key words: Avocado, cell suspensions, farnesyl diphosphate, HMGR, mevalonic acid,Persea americana.
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