African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12179

Full Length Research Paper

Phytochemical screening and amino acids analysis of mushrooms from Burkina Faso

Elise Sanon
  • Elise Sanon
  • Laboratoire Biosciences, équipe de Phytopathologie, Département de Biologie et Physiologie Végétales, UFR/SVT, Université Ouaga 1 Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP: 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Jean Claude W. Ouédraogo
  • Jean Claude W. Ouédraogo
  • Département de Chimie, UFR/SEA, Université Ouaga 1 Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Sylvain Ilboudo
  • Sylvain Ilboudo
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS/CNRST), 03, BP 7192, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Marie K. Laure Guissou
  • Marie K. Laure Guissou
  • École Normale Supérieure, Université de Koudougou, BP 376, Koudougou, Burkina Faso.
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Pierre I. Guissou
  • Pierre I. Guissou
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS/CNRST), 03, BP 7192, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Philippe Sankara
  • Philippe Sankara
  • Laboratoire Biosciences, équipe de Phytopathologie, Département de Biologie et Physiologie Végétales, UFR/SVT, Université Ouaga 1 Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP: 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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  •  Received: 21 March 2017
  •  Accepted: 31 May 2017
  •  Published: 14 June 2017

Abstract

Mushrooms play an important social, economic and ecological role in the world. In this study, the proximate compositions, minerals and amino acids contents of Russula alveolata, Russula cf. compressa, Russula flavobrunnea var. aurantioflava and Russula ochrocephala from Burkina Faso were investigated. The chemical analysis showed the presence of volatile oil, sterols and triterpenes, carotenoids, saponosides, reducing compounds and cardenolides. Several amino acids including aspartate, glutamic acid, serine, glycine, arginine, threonine, alanine, proline, tyrosine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine and lysine were identified in mushroom species. Among the identified amino acids, seven are essential for human body: Phenylalanine, valine, threonine, isoleucine, methionine, leucine and lysine.

 

Key words: Chemical composition, amino acids, Russula, mushrooms, Burkina Faso.