African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12487

Full Length Research Paper

Erythrocyte potassium and glutathione polymorphism determination in Saanen x Malta crossbred goats

Eser Kemal Gurcan1*, Ozden Cobanoglu2 and Merve Kose3      
1Department of Animal Science, Agriculture Faculty, Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey. 2Department of Biology, Arts and Sciences Faculty, Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey. 3Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Namik Kemal University, TekirdaÄŸ, Turkey.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 14 March 2011
  •  Published: 13 June 2011

Abstract

This research is aimed at determining the erythrocyte potassium and glutathione polymorphisms and also to identify the relationship among the various blood parameters in Saanen x Malta crossbred goat raised in Turkey. The allele gene frequencies of Kand KL associated with the potassium concentration were calculated as 0.94 and 0.06, respectively. The differences between the mean values of low and high potassium concentrations in erythrocyte were statistically significant(P < 0.01). In addition, there were some significant relationships between erythrocytepotassium types and some blood parameters such as whole blood sodium and potassium concentrations, erythrocyte sodium and potassium concentrations and total monovalent cation concentration in erythrocyte (P < 0.05). The allele gene frequencies of GSHH and GSHh related with the glutathione concentration were calculated as 0.43 and 0.57, respectively. The difference between the mean values oflow and high glutathione erythrocyte concentrations were also statistically significant(P < 0.01). Finally, the significant correlation coefficient between erythrocyte sodium and potassium concentrations was observed in this study (P < 0.05).

 

Key words: Erythrocyte potassium, glutathione, blood polymorphism, Saanen, Malta goat.

Abbreviation

Nawb, Whole blood sodium concentration; Nap, plasma sodium concentration; Kwb, whole blood potassium concentration;  Kp, plasma potassium concentration; Nae, erythrocyte sodium concentration; Ke, erythrocyte potassium concentration; Nae+Ke, total monovalent cation concentration in erythrocyte; HK,high potassium; LK, low potassium; GSHh, low glutathione allele;  GSHH, high glutathione allele; KH, high potassium allele; KLlow potassium allele;