African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12278

Short Communication

β-Lactam and chloramphenicol-resistant enterobacteria in hospital surfaces

Jean Linhares de Lima
  • Jean Linhares de Lima
  • Pharmacy Faculty, Faculty INTA, Sobral, CE, Brazil.
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Sara Edwirgens Costa Benicio Vasconcelos
  • Sara Edwirgens Costa Benicio Vasconcelos
  • Pharmacy Faculty, Faculty INTA, Sobral, CE, Brazil.
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Theodora Thays Arruda Cavalcante
  • Theodora Thays Arruda Cavalcante
  • Pharmacy Faculty, Faculty INTA, Sobral, CE, Brazil; Division of Research on Biomedical Science, NUBEM, Faculty INTA, Sobral, CE, Brazil.
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Renata Albuquerque Costa
  • Renata Albuquerque Costa
  • Pharmacy Faculty, Faculty INTA, Sobral, CE, Brazil; Division of Research on Biomedical Science, NUBEM, Faculty INTA, Sobral, CE, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 11 May 2015
  •  Accepted: 02 September 2015
  •  Published: 23 September 2015

Abstract

The following study aimed to research the Enterobacteriaceae present on the material surfaces of a hospital environment in a Community Health Unit in Ceara-Brazil. Data was collected in 10 different rooms and facilities by rubbing sterile swabs in an enclosed area of 10 cm² for a minute. Bacterial growth was observed in all surveyed areas. However, Enterobacteriaceae were only found in surfaces from the kitchen and the reception. From the isolated strains (n = 10), the vast majority were identified as Enterobacter (n = 7). Four of those Enterobacter strains were found to be resistant, with the following resistance profiles: monoresistance to ampicillin (n = 2) and chloramphenicol (n = 1) and cross-resistance to beta-lactam (n = 1). The results serve as an alert to public health authorities, for enteric bacteria resistant to drugs were found in two environments in the facility.

Key words: Enteric bacteria, antimicrobial resistance, hospital environment.

Abbreviation

GNB, Gram-negative bacteria; CRE, carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae.