African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12083

Full Length Research Paper

Oxidative enzymes in coconut cultivars in response to Raoiella indica feeding

Carlos Vásquez
  • Carlos Vásquez
  • Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Cevallos, Province of Tungurahua, Ecuador.
  • Google Scholar
Marta Dávila
  • Marta Dávila
  • Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Cevallos, Province of Tungurahua, Ecuador.
  • Google Scholar
Naileth Méndez
  • Naileth Méndez
  • Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado. Decanato de Agronomía. Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas. Barquisimeto, Lara state, Venezuela.
  • Google Scholar
María A. Jiménez
  • María A. Jiménez
  • Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado. Decanato de Agronomía. Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas. Barquisimeto, Lara state, Venezuela.
  • Google Scholar
María F. Sandoval
  • María F. Sandoval
  • Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrícolas. Unidad de Producción Vegetal. Laboratorio de Entomología. Maracay, Aragua state, Venezuela.
  • Google Scholar
Francisco J. Alcalá
  • Francisco J. Alcalá
  • Department of Civil Engineering, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 14 April 2016
  •  Accepted: 11 July 2016
  •  Published: 17 August 2016

Abstract

The increase in oxidative enzyme activities is related to diminished mite infestation. Some biological aspects of Raoiella indica Hirst reared on the coconut cultivars (‘Jamaican Tall’ (JT), ‘Malayan Yellow Dwarf’ (MYD), Niu Leka (NL) and a hybrid JT x MYD) were studied under laboratory conditions. Aditionally, changes in oxidative enzyme activities (peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase) as response to R. indica feeding were studied in the cultivars where red palm mites showed highest and lowest biological parameters values. Longer time spans and lower oviposition rates observed on the JT suggest this cultivar to be more resistant to R. indica feeding. Cultivar JT showed the highest value in PPO/POX ratio, being about twice the value shown by MYD in the infested plants. The observed enzyme activity ratios in both genotypes showed a slight increase 24 h after mite infestation, suggesting these enzymes could be related to plant resistance to R. indica. However, this relationship is still unclear. The biological parameters of R. indica together with higher enzyme activity, particularly on JT suggest this cultivar could be considered as a more resistant cultivar as compared to MYD. More detailed studies are required to determine the effect of these enzymes on coconut resistance to red palm mites.

Key words: Coconut, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, red palm mite.