African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12191

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of biosolids application on soil chemical properties and uptake of some heavy metals by Cercis siliquastrum

  Shima Keramati1, Mehran Hoodaji1* and Mahmod Kalbasi2  
1Islamic Azad University, Khorassgan Branch, Iran. 2Islamic Azad University, Khorassgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 27 September 2010
  •  Published: 01 November 2010

Abstract

 

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of three kinds of biosolids usage on soil chemical properties and uptake of heavy metals by Cercis siliquastrum leaves. The experiment was carried out in a completely randomized block design with seven treatments including: no fertilizer as a control (C), sewage sludge (SW), cow manure (CM), municipal solid waste compost (MC), mixture of sewage sludge and cow manure (50% SW + 50% CM), mixture of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste compost (50% SW + 50% MC) and mixture of cow manure and municipal solid waste compost (50% CM + 50% MC) at three levels of 0, 2.5 and 5 kg/shrub and three replicates in calcareous sandy loam soil at the botanical garden of Mobarekeh steel company. After 180 days, soil samples were collected from 30 cm depth and leaves assemblage. Results showed that the treatments had significant effect (P < 0.05) on organic matter content, pH, electrical conductivity and cation exchange capacity of the soil. Total diethylen-triamine pent acetic acid (DTPA) extractable concentrations of Zn, Fe and Pb increased significantly (P < 0.05) in biosolid treatments. Between unwashed and washed metals concentrations of leaves, significant differences were shown, so it appeared that the source of metals on leaves was mainly airborn.

 

Key words: Biosolids, soil chemical properties, heavy metals, Cercis siliquastrum.

Abbreviation

AbreviationsMSW, Municipal solid waste; EC, electrical conductivity; CEC, cation exchange capacity; OM, organic matter; SW, sewage sludge; CM, cow manure; MC, municipal solid waste compost; DTPA, diethylen-triamine pent acetic acid; MAC, maximum acceptance concentrations.