African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12209

Review

Obtainment, applications and future perspectives of palm kernel

Wanessa Almeida da Costa
  • Wanessa Almeida da Costa
  • Program of Post-Graduation in Natural Resources Engineering (PRODERNA/ITEC), Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Cinthya Elen Pereira de Lima
  • Cinthya Elen Pereira de Lima
  • Program of Post-Graduation in Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Fernanda Wariss Figueiredo Bezerra
  • Fernanda Wariss Figueiredo Bezerra
  • LABEX/FEA (Faculty of Food Engineering), Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Mozaniel Santana de Oliveira
  • Mozaniel Santana de Oliveira
  • LABEX/FEA (Faculty of Food Engineering), Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Priscila do Nascimento Bezerra
  • Priscila do Nascimento Bezerra
  • LABEX/FEA (Faculty of Food Engineering), Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Flávia Cristina Seabra Pires
  • Flávia Cristina Seabra Pires
  • LABEX/FEA (Faculty of Food Engineering), Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Ana Paula de Souza e Silva
  • Ana Paula de Souza e Silva
  • LABEX/FEA (Faculty of Food Engineering), Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Jorddy Neves da Cruz
  • Jorddy Neves da Cruz
  • Program of Post-Graduation in Chemistry, Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Sebastião Gomes Silva
  • Sebastião Gomes Silva
  • Program of Post-Graduation in Chemistry, Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Pedro Alam de Araújo Sarges
  • Pedro Alam de Araújo Sarges
  • Program of Post-Graduation in Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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Raul Nunes de Carvalho Junior
  • Raul Nunes de Carvalho Junior
  • Program of Post-Graduation in Natural Resources Engineering (PRODERNA/ITEC), Federal University of Para, Rua Augusto Corrêa S/N, Guamá, 66075-900 Belém, Pará, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 16 September 2018
  •  Accepted: 14 January 2019
  •  Published: 30 January 2019

Abstract

Of African origin and with an estimated world production of 6.85 million tons, palm kernel oil contributes about 3% of the total world production of oils and fats. With such production, the world waste generation was about 10,026 × 103 tons in 2017, which represents an important environment issue. The present work aimed to review the literature on the main methods of extraction, applications, and future perspectives of Elaeis guineensis Jacq., with emphasis on its seed: palm kernel. Regarding its main applications, biodiesel production was highlighted, since the biomass generated can be used as a substitute for fossil fuels in energy production.

 

Key words: Elaeis guineensis Jacq., palm kernel, extraction of vegetable oils, biodiesel.