African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12278

Article in Press

Development of eco-friendly management packages against foot and root rot and wilt diseases of chickpea

M. I. Faruk and F. Khatun

  •  Received: 12 February 2019
  •  Accepted: 26 June 2019
The experiments were conducted in the fields of Plant Pathology Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur during 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 cropping years. The formulated Trichoderma harzianum (Tricho-compost for soil amendment and spore suspension for seed treatment) and organic soil amendment poultry refuse either singly or in combination with chemical fungicide Provax 200 WP were tested against soil-borne pathogens, Sclerotium rolfsii and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri of chickpea causing foot and root rot and wilts diseases. The organic soil amendment poultry refuse was incorporated in the two weeks before seed sowing of chickpea and allowed to decompose properly where Tricho-composts were incorporated in the soil seven days before seed sowing. Seeds were treated with Trichoderma spore suspension and Provax at the time of seed sowing. From this study it was revealed that soil amendment with Tricho-compost or integration poultry refuse with seed treatment by Provax 200 WP performed as the best treatments in reducing seedling disease and increasing plant growth and yield of chickpea which were significantly differed from the other treatments including control. Soil amendment with poultry manure alone showed better performance against the disease and seed treatments with chemical fungicide Provax 200 WP and Trichoderma spores suspension which effect at per. All of the treatments reduced seedling mortality and increased plant growth and yield of chickpea.

Keywords: Trichoderma harzianum, Sclerotium rolfsii, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri, Cicer arietinum, chickpea