African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12368

Article in Press

Introducing Cotton Farming, by the Use of Transgenic Cotton for Phytoremediation of Industrial Wastes Polluted Soils in Southern Nigeria

NNAEMEKA. E. VITALIS, YUQIANG SUN

  •  Received: 29 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 18 August 2021
Industrialization in the Niger delta region of southern Nigeria has resulted in excessive discharge of industrial wastes, especially oil spillage. Farming in this region has declined and cotton farming has not survived there due to this menace. Phytoremediation an emerging green technology has been adopted for the revitalization of farming in polluted sites and has been integrated towards solving this challenge. Many indigenous plants of high phytoremediation strength within and outside Nigeria have been reported. The use of genetic engineering approaches for developing transgenic plants with higher phytoremediation potential has also been successful in certain plants. This review, therefore, focused on phytoremediation, its impact, success, potential plant’s, plants phytoremediation mechanisms, and the technology advancement need through cotton genetic engineering. Cotton is the foremost commercially important fiber crop and its fiber is the backbone of the textile industry. Cotton has significant impact in the economy but its phytoremediation strength is naturally poor hence, prompting attention to the genetic modification of cotton for phytoremediation purposes and basing the future phytoremediation by the use of transgenic economic plants especially cotton are of significant importance.

Keywords: Pollution, farming, cotton, phytoremediation, genetic engineering