This research aimed to study the effects of dietary intervention on body weight and glycemic control among females having type 2 diabetes, find the behavioral health issues related to the disease, change the wrong dietary practices carried out by the patients for the purpose of nutrition intervention, and exhibit the change if any, in the form of their biochemical parameters. Here, a retrospective case control study was conducted involving a total number of 200 female type 2 diabetic patients with a group of 50 patients analyzed and intervened at one time. A comprehensive disease history and physical examination was undertaken to elicit the cause of disturbed metabolism. Diagnostic tests including biochemical evaluations of the patients were used as physical parameters in order to assess the metabolic complications resulting from uncontrolled diabetes. Their total caloric intake was studied using the 24 h recall method. The frequency of use of food items particularly rich in sugar and fat were also taken into account. Patients were assigned controlled diet patterns and asked to increase physical activity. They were also encouraged to terminate the use of typical high-calorie and sugar rich foods. Regular screening for blood and urine sugar was encouraged amongst patients in order to control diabetes. Biochemical tests were repeated to find any improvement in their pathological state. Results reveal that a reduction in weight from 3-7 kg occurred among 38.05% of the study sample resulting from controlled diet and increased physical activity. A reduction in the dosage of hypoglycemic agents with serum glucose levels up to 77-89 mg/dl was observed in about half of the study population after intervention. The main outcome measures include a reduction in body mass index (BMI), an improvement evident from controlling systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate, as well as increase in hunger and vitality induced through a behavioral weight control program. Thus, intervention to modify lifestyle with an aim to control and maintain weight can lead to a reduction of the incidence of type 2 diabetes.
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, body mass index (BMI), high-calorie and sugar rich foods.