African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12271

Review

Plant latex lipase as biocatalysts for biodiesel production

Mouaimine Mazou
  • Mouaimine Mazou
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
Andriano Jospin Djossou
  • Andriano Jospin Djossou
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
Fidele Paul Tchobo
  • Fidele Paul Tchobo
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
Pierre Villeneuve
  • Pierre Villeneuve
  • CIRAD, UMR Ingénierie des Agro-polymères et Technologies Emergentes, Campus Supagro/INRA, Montpellier, France.
  • Google Scholar
Mohamed M. Soumanou
  • Mohamed M. Soumanou
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 02 September 2015
  •  Accepted: 24 February 2016
  •  Published: 13 July 2016

References

Abdelkafi S, Abousalham A, Fendri I, Ogata H, Barouh N, Fouquet B, Scheirlinckx F, Villeneuve P, Carrière F (2012). Identification of a new phospholipase D in Carica papaya latex. Gene 499:243-249.
Crossref

 

Abdelkafi S, Barouh N, Fouquet B, Fendri I, Pina M, Scheirlinckx F, Villeneuve P, Carrière F (2011). Carica papaya Lipase: A naturally immobilized enzyme with interesting biochemical properties. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 66:34-40.
Crossref

 
 

Abdelkafi S, Fouquet B, Barouh N, Durner S, Pina M, Scheirlinckx F, Villeneuve P, Carrière F (2009). In vitro comparisons between Carica papaya and pancreatic lipases during test meal lipolysis: Potential use of CPL in enzyme replacement therapy. Food Chem. 115:100-106.
Crossref

 
 

Abdelkafi S, Ogata H, Barouh N, Fouquet B, Lebrun R, Pina M, Scheirlinckx F, Villeneuve P, Carrière F (2009). Identification and biochemical characterization of a GDSL-motif carboxylester hydrolase from Carica papaya latex. Biochim. Biophys. Acta Mol. Cell Biol. Lipids 1791:1048-1056.
Crossref

 
 

Adjakpa JB, Dassoundo HA, Yedomonhan H, Weesie PDM, Akpo E. L (2011). Diversité du peuplement ligneux d'une forêt dense en zone sub-humide : Cas de la forêt de Sakété dans le sud-Bénin en Afrique de l'Ouest. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 5(6):2291-2305.

 
 

Agbahungba G, Sokpon Nm, Gaoué OG (2001). Situation des Ressources Génétiques Forestières du Bénin. L'Atelier sous-régional FAO/IPGRI/ICRAF sur la conservation, la gestion, l'utilisation durable et la mise en valeur des ressources génétiques forestières de la zone sahélienne (Ouagadougou, 22-24 Sept. 1998). Note Thématique sur les Ressources Génétiques Forestières. Une co-publication de la FAO, IPGRI/SAFORGEN, DFSC et ICRAF:36p.

 
 

Akoh CC, Chang SW, Lee GC, Shaw JF (2007). Enzymatic approach to biodiesel production. J. Agric. Food Chem. 55:8995-9005.
Crossref

 
 

Aksoy HA, Kahraman, I, Karaosmanoglu F, Civelekoglu, H (1988). Evaluation of Turkish sulphur olive oil as an alternative diesel fuel. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 65:936-938.
Crossref

 
 

Alonso FOM, Oliveria EBL, Dellamora-Ortiz GM, Pereira-Meirelles FV (2005). Improvement of Lipase Production at Different Stirring Speeds and Oxygen Levels. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 22:1-9.
Crossref

 
 

American Society of Testing Materials Standard (2009). D6751-09a standard speci- fication for biodiesel fuel blend stock (B100) for middle distillate fuel. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. 

 
 

Amole OO, Yemitan OK, Oshikoya KA (2009). Anticonvulsant activity of Rauvolfia Vomitoria (Afzel). Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 3(6):319-322.

 
 

Appendino G, Belloro E, Tron GC, Jakupovic J, Ballero M (2000). Polycyclic diterpenoids from Euphorbia characias. Fitoterapia 71:134-142.
Crossref

 
 

Azarkan M, El Moussaoui A, van Wuytswinkel D, Dehon G, Looze YJ (2003). Fractionation and purification of the enzymes stored in the latex of Carica papaya. Chromatogr. B 790:229-238.
Crossref

 
 

Azonkponon N (2001). Conservation in situ de l'iroko (Milicia excelsa) dans l'aire culturelle Vodun au Bénin. Mem. de DESS (3è cycle) en Aménagement et Gestion des Ressources Naturelles, FSA/UNB, Benin 107 p.

 
 

Badmus JA, Odunola, OA, Obuotor EM, Oyedapo OO (2010). Phytochemicals and in vitro antioxidant potentials of defatted methanolic extract of Holarrhena floribunda leaves. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 3:340-346.

 
 

Balat M, Balat H (2008). A critical review of bio-diesel as a vehicular fuel. Energy Convers. Manage. 49:2727-41.
Crossref

 
 

Barouh N, Abdelkafi S, Fouquet B, Pina M, Scheirlinckx F, Carrière F Villeneuve P (2010). Neutral lipid characterization of non-water-soluble fractions of Carica papaya latex. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 87:987-995.
Crossref

 
 

Boel E, Huge-Jensen B (1998). Recombinant Humicola lipase and process for production of recombinant (Humicola lipase). In: European Patent Applied EP 030521600216.

 
 

Borgdorf R, Warwel S (1999). Substrate selectivity of various lipases in the esterification of cis- and trans-9-octadecenoic acid. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 51:480-485.
Crossref

 
 

Brady L, Brzozowski AM, Derewenda ZS, Dodson E, Dodson G, Tolley S, Turkenburg JP, Christiansen L, Huge-Jensen B, Norskov L (1990). A serine protease triad forms the catalytic centre of a triacylglycerol lipase. Nature 343:767-770.
Crossref

 
 

Brunschwig C, Moussavou W, Blin J (2011). Use of bioethanol for biodiesel production. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science; 38:283e301.

 
 

Cambon E (2008). Plantes laticifères : Mise en évidence et applications des activités lipasiques de Carica pentagona et Plumeria rubra. These pour obtenir le grade de docteur de l'Universite Montpellier II École Doctorale : Sciences des procédés – Sciences des aliments Discipline : Biochimie et technologie alimentaire; 157pp.

 
 

Cambon E, Bourlieu C, Salum TFC, Piombo G, Dubreucq E, Villeneuve P (2009). Ability of Vasconcelle x heilbornii lipase to catalyse the synthesis of alkyl esters from vegetable oils. Process Biochem. 44:1265-1269.
Crossref

 
 

Cambon E, Gouzou F, Pina M, Barea B, Barouh N, Lago R, Ruales J, Tsai SW, Villeneuve P (2006). Comparison of the lipase activity in hydrolysis and acyltranfer reactions of two latex plant extracts from Babaco (Vasconcellea x heilbornii cv.) and Plumeria rubra: Effect of the aqueous microenvironment. J. Agric. Food Chem. 54:2726-2731.
Crossref

 
 

Cambon E, Rodriguez JA, Pina M, Arondel V, Carrière F, Turon F, Ruales J, Villeneuve P (2008). Characterization of typo-, regio-, and stereo-selectivities of babaco latex lipase in aqueous and organic media. Biotechnol. Lett. 30:769-774.
Crossref

 
 

Campillo-Alvarado G, Tovar-Miranda R (2013). Recent advances and applications of the lipolytic activity of Carica papaya latex. J. Mol. Catal. B Enzym. 90:49-60.
Crossref

 
 

Caro Y, Villeneuve P, Pina M, Reynes M, Graille J (2000). Investigation of crude latex from various Carica papaya varieties for lipid bioconversions. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 77:891-901.
Crossref

 
 

Caro Y, Turon F, Villeneuve P, Pina M, Graille J (2004). Enzymatic synthesis of medium-chain triacylglycerols by alcoholysis and interesterification of copra oil using a crude papain lipase preparation. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 106:503-512.
Crossref

 
 

Castro HF, Oliveira PC, Pereira EB (2000). Influence of Substrate Partition Coefficient on the Performance of Lipase Catalyzed Synthesis of Citronellyl Acetate by Alcoholysis. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 17:4-7.
Crossref

 
 

Cervero PJM, Coca J, Luque S (2008). Production of biodiesel from vegetable oils. Grasas y Aceites. 9(1):76-83.

 
 

Chang CS, Ho SC (2011). Enantioselective esterification of (R, S)-2-methylalkanoic acid with Carica papaya lipase in organic solvents. Biotechnol. Lett. 33:2247-2253.
Crossref

 
 

Chen CC, Tsai SW, Villeneuve P (2005). Enantioselective hydrolysis of (R, S)naproxen 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl ester in water-saturated solvents via lipases from Carica pentagona Heilborn and Carica papaya. J. Mol. Catal. B Enzym. 34:51-7.
Crossref

 
 

Chen JW, Wu WT (2003). Regeneration of immobilized Candida antarctica lipase for transesterification. Biosci. Bioeng. 95:466-469.
Crossref

 
 

Cheng YC, Tsai SW (2004). Enantioselective esterification of (RS)-2-(4- chlorophenoxy) propionic acid via Carica papaya lipase in organic solvents. Tetrahedron Asymm. 15:2917-2920.
Crossref

 
 

de Araújo CDM, de Andrade CC, de Souza ES, Dupas FA (2013). Biodiesel production from used cooking oil: A review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 27:445-452.
Crossref

 
 

de Castro HF, Mendes AA, dos Santos JC (2004). Modificação De Óleos E Gorduras Por Biotransformação. Quim. Nova. 27:146-156.
Crossref

 
 

Dhouib R, Laroche-Traineau J, Shaha R, Lapaillerie D, Solier E, Rualès J, Pina M, Villeneuve P, Carrière F, Bonneu M, Arondel V (2011). Identification of a putative triacylglycerol lipase from papaya latex by functional proteomics. FEBS J. 278:97-110.
Crossref

 
 

Dhuique-Mayer C, Caro Y, Pina M, Ruales J, Dornier M, Graille J (2001). Biocatalytic properties of lipase in crude latex from babaco fruit (Carica pentagona). Biotechnol. Lett. 23:1021-1024.
Crossref

 
 

Dhuique-Mayer C, Villareal L, Caro Y, Ruales J, Villeneuve P, Pina M (2003). Lipase activity in alcoholysis and esterification reactions of crude latex from babaco fruit (Carica pentagona). Oléagineux Corps gras Lipides 10:232-234.
Crossref

 
 

Dodson G, Wlodawer A (1998). Catalytic triads and their relatives. Trends Biochem. Sci. 23:347-352.
Crossref

 
 

Dossou ME, Houessou GL, Lougbégnon OT, Tenté AHB, Codjia JTC (2012). Etude ethnobotanique des ressources forestières ligneuses de la forêt marécageuse d'Agonvè et terroirs connexes au Bénin. Tropicultura 30(1):41-48.

 
 

Dwiarti L, Ali E, Park EY (2010). Enhancement of lipase catalyzed-fatty acid methyl esters production from waste activated bleaching earth by nullification of lipase inhibitors. Bioresour. Technol. 101:14-20.

 
 

El Moussaoui A, Nijs M, Paul C, Wintjens R, Vincentelli J, Azarkan M, Looze Y (2001). Revisiting the enzymes stored in the laticifers of Carica papaya in the context of their possible participation in the plant defence mechanism. Cell Mol. Life Sci. 58:556-570.
Crossref

 
 

Enweremadu CC, Mbarawa MM (2009). Technical aspects of production and analysis of biodiesel from used cooking oil-A review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 13(9):2205-2224.
Crossref

 
 

Evans F, Kinghorn AD (1977). A comparative phytochemical study of the diterpenes of some species of the genera Euphorbia and Elaeophorbia (Euphorbiaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 74(1):23-35.
Crossref

 
 

European Committee for S. Fat and Oil Derivatives. Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) (2003). In Determination of Oxidative stability (Accelerated oxidation Test). Brussels, Belgium: European Committee for Standardization (CEN). EN 14112: 2003.

 
 

Fahn A (Ed.) (1982). Plant Anatomy, Pergamon Press, London. pp. 134-151.

 
 

Falodun A, Agbakwuru EOP (2004). Phytochemical analysis and laxative activity of the leaf extracts of Euphobia heterophylla linn (euphorbiaceae). Pak. J. Sci. Res. 47(5):345-348.

 
 

Falodun A, Agbakwuru EOP, Ukoh GC (2003). Antibacterial Activity of Euphorbia heterophylla Linn (Family Euphorbiaceae). Pak. J. Sci. Res. 46(6):471-472.

 
 

Falodun A, Okunrobo LO, Uzoamaka N (2006). Phytochemical screening and anti-inflammatory evaluation of methanolic and aqueous extracts of Euphorbia heterophylla Linn (Euphorbiaceae). Afr. J. Biotechnol. 5(6):529-531.

 
 

Feuge RO, Grose T (1949). Modification of vegetable oils. VII. Alkali catalyzed interesterilication of peanut oil with ethanol. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 26:97-102.
Crossref

 
 

Fiorillo F, Palocci C, Soro S, Pasqua G (2007). Latex lipase of Euphorbia characias L.: An aspecific acylhydrolase with several isoforms. Plant Sci. 172:722-727.
Crossref

 
 

Fjerbaek L, Christensen KV, Norddahl B (2009). A review of the current state of biodiesel production using enzymatic transesterification. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 102(5):1298-1315
Crossref

 
 

Fofana S (2004). Exploration biochimique sur le pouvoir immunogene de trois plantes en côte d'ivoire: Alstonia boonei (apocynaceae), Mitragyna ciliata (rubiaceae) et terminalia catappa (combretaceae). Faculte de Medecine de Pharmacie et D'odontostomatologie. République du Mali. Thèse de doctorat. P 123.

 

Foglia TA, Villeneuve P (1997). Carica papaya latex-catalyzed synthesis of structured triacylglycerols. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 11:1447-1450.
Crossref

 

Formo MW (1954). Ester reactions of fatty materials. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 31:548-559.
Crossref

 
 

Freedman B, Pryde EH, Mounts TL (1984). Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesterified vegetable oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 61(10):1638-1643.
Crossref

 
 

Freedman, B, Pryde EH, Mounts TL (1984). Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesteritied vegetable oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 61:1638-1643.
Crossref

 
 

Fukuda H, Kondo A, Noda H (2001). Biodiesel Fuel Production by Transesterification of Oils. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 92:405-416.
Crossref

 
 

Gandhi NN, Mukherjee KD (2000a). Specificity of papaya lipase in esterification with respect to the chemical structure of substrates. J Agric. Food Chem. 48:566-570.
Crossref

 
 

Gandhi NN, Mukherjee KD (2000b). Papaya (Carica papaya) lipase with some distinct acyl and alkyl specificities as compared with microbial lipases. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 28:977-978.
Crossref

 
 

Gandhi NN, Mukherjee KD (2001). Specificity of papaya lipase in esterification of aliphatic alcohols: A comparison with microbial lipases. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 78:161-165.
Crossref

 
 

Giordani R, Moulin A, Verger R (1991). Tributyroylglycerol hydrolase activity in Carica papaya and other lattices. Phytochemistry 30:1069-1072.
Crossref

 
 

Graboski MS, McCormick RL (1998). Combustion of fat and vegetable oil derived fuels in diesel engines. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 24:125-164.
Crossref

 
 

Gupta R, Rathi P, Gupta N, Bradoo S (2003). Lipase assays for conventional and molecular screening: An overview. Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem. 37:63-71.
Crossref

 
 

Hara F, Nakashima T, Fukuda H (1997). Comparative study of commercially available lipases in hydrolysis reaction of phosphatidylcholine. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 74(9):1129-1132.
Crossref

 
 

Hasma H, Subramanian A (1986). Composition of lipids in latex of Hevea brasiliensis clone RRIM 501. J. Nat. Rubber Res. 1:30-40.

 
 

Houngnon P (1981). Espèces forestières à produits comestibles. Tome 1. Enseignement général, Sciences, Sport. Service 22. GTZ. 59 p.

 
 

Huang Anthony HC (1984). Plant lipases, in: B. Borgstrom, H.L. Brockman (Eds.), Lipases, Elsevier. pp. 419-439.

 
 

Kamimura ES, Mendieta O, Sato HH, Pastore G, Maugeri F (1999). Production of Lipase from Geotrichum sp and Adsorption Studies on Affinity Resin. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 16(2):103-112.
Crossref

 
 

Kilcawley KN, Wilkinson MG, Fox PF (2002). Determination of key enzyme activities in commercial peptidase and lipase preparations from microbial or animal sources. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 31:310-320.
Crossref

 
 

Klopfenstein WE, Walker HS (1983). Efficiencies of various esters of fatty acids as diesel fuels. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 60:1596-l598.
Crossref

 
 

Kusdiana D, Saka S (2001). Kinetics of transesterification in rapeseed oil to biodiesel fuel as treated in supercritical methanol. Fuel 80:693-698.
Crossref

 
 

Kyndt T, Romeijn-Peeters E, Van Droogenbroeck B, Romero- Motochi JP, Godelieve Gheysen G, Goetghebeur P (2005). Species relationships in the genus Vasconcellea (Caricaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Am. J. Bot. 92:1033-1044.
Crossref

 
 

Leal MC, Cammarota MC, Freire DM, Anna Jr S (2002). Hydrolytic Enzymes as Coadjuvants in the Anaerobic Treatment of Dairy Wastewaters. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 19(2):175-180.
Crossref

 
 

Lee JH, Kim SB, Kang SW, Song YS, Park C, Han SO, Kim SW (2011). Biodiesel production by a mixture of Candida rugosa and Rhizopus oryzae lipases using a supercritical carbon dioxide process. Bioresour. Technol. 102:2105-2108.
Crossref

 
 

Lee KT, Foglia TA (2000). Synthesis, purification, and characterization of structured lipids produced from chicken fat. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 77:1027-1034.
Crossref

 
 

Lotero E, Liu Y, Lopez DE, Suwannakarn K, Bruce DA, Godwin JG (2005). Synthesis of biodiesel via acid catalysis. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 44:5353-63.
Crossref

 
 

Lynn KR, Clevette-Radford NA (1987). Biochemical properties of latices from the Euphorbiaceae. Phytochemistry 26:939-944.
Crossref

 
 

Ma F, Hanna MA (1999). Biodiesel production: A review. Bioresour. Technol. 70:1-15.
Crossref

 
 

Ma F, Clements LD, Hanna MA (1998). Biodiesel fuel from animal fat: Ancillary studies on transesterification of beef tallow. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 37:768-3771.
Crossref

 
 

Mangos TJ, Jones KC, Foglia TA (1999). Lipase-catalyzed synthesis of structured low-calorie triacylglycerols. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 76:1127-1132.
Crossref

 
 

Marchetti JM, Miguel VU, Errazu AF (2007). Possible methods for biodiesel production. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 11:1300-1311.
Crossref

 
 

Mc Carthy P, Rasul MG, Moazzem S. (2011). Analysis and comparison of performance and emissions of an internal combustion engine fuelled with petroleum diesel and different biodiesels. Fuel; 90: 2147–57.
Crossref

 
 

Medecine douce - Medecine africaine (2014). 

View (Consulted on 13/07/2014).

 
 

Meher LC, Vidya Sagar D, Naik SN (2006). Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification - A review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 10:248-268.
Crossref

 
 

Mendes AA, Oliveira PC, de Castro HF (2012). High cell density fed-batch fermentations for lipase production: Feeding strategies and oxygen transfer. J. Mol. Catal. B Enzym. 78:119-134.
Crossref

 
 

Merçon F, Erbes VL, Sant'Anna JGL, Nobrega R (1997). Lipase Immobilized Reactor Applied to Babassu Oil Hydrolysis. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 14:1.
Crossref

 
 

Ming R, Hou S, Feng Y, Yu Q, Dionne-Laporte A, Saw JH, Senin P, Wang W, Ly BV, Lewis KLT (2008). The draft genome of the transgenic tropical fruit tree papaya (Carica papaya Linnaeus). Nature 452:991-996.
Crossref

 
 

Moulin A, Teissere M, Bernard C (1994). Lipases of the euphorbiaceae family purification of a lipase from Euphorbia characias latex and structure-function-relationships with the β-chain of ricin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91(24):11328-11332.
Crossref

 
 

Mounguengui RWM, Brunschwig C, Baréa B, Villeneuve P, Blin J (2013). Are plant lipases a promising alternative to catalyze transesterification for biodiesel production? Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 39:441-456.
Crossref

 
 

Mukherjee KD, Hills MJ (1994). Lipases: their structure, biochemistry and application. Biochem. Appl. pp. 49-75.

 
 

Mukherjee KD, Kiewitt I (1996). Specificity of Carica papaya latex as biocatalyst in the esterification of fatty acids with 1-butanol. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:1948-52.
Crossref

 
 

Mustranta A, Forsell P, Poutanen K (1995). Comparison of lipases and phospholipases in the hydrolysis of phospholipids. Process. Biochem. 30:393-401.
Crossref

 
 

Ng IS, Tsai SW (2005). Hydrolytic resolution of (R, S)‐naproxen 2, 2, 2‐trifluoroethyl thioester by Carica papaya lipase in water‐saturated organic solvents. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 89:88-95.
Crossref

 
 

Ngando Ebongue GF, Dhouib R, Carrière F, Amvam Zollo PH, Arondel V (2006). Assaying lipase activity from oil palm fruit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) mesocarp. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 44:611-617.
Crossref

 
 

Ogbonnia S, Adekunle AA, Bosa MK, Enwuru VN (2008). Evaluation of acute and subacute toxicity of Alstonia congensis Engler (Apocynaceae) bark and Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) fruits mixtures used in the treatment of diabetes. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7(6):701-705.

 
 

Oliveira JS, Costa-Lotufo LV, Bezerra DP, Alencar NMN, Marinho-Filho JDB, Figueiredo IST, Moraes MO, Pessoa C, Alves APNN, Ramos MV (2010). In vivo growth inhibition of sarcoma 180 by latex proteins from Calotropis procera. 382:139-149.

 
 

Olivier M, Zerbo P, Boussim JI, Guinko S (2012). Les plantes des galeries forestières à usage traditionnel par les tradipraticiens de santé et les chasseurs Dozo Sénoufo du Burkina Faso. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 6(5):2170-2191.

 
 

Padiglia A, Medda R, Lorrai A, Murgia B, Pedersen JZ, Agro AF, Floris G (1998). Characterization of Euphorbia characias Latex Amine Oxidase. Plant Physiol. 117:1363-1371.
Crossref

 
 

Palocci C, Soro S, Cernia E, Fiorillo F, Belsito C MA, Monacelli B, Monache GD, Pasqua G (2003). Lipolytic isoenzymes from Euphorbia latex. Plant Sci. 165:577-582.
Crossref

 
 

Paques FW, Macedo GA (2006). Plant lipases from latex: Properties and industrial applications. Quim. Nova 29:93-99.
Crossref

 

Pereira EP, Zanin GM, Castro HF (2003). Immobilization and Catalytic Properties of Lipase on Chitosan for Hydrolysis and Esterification Reactions. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 20(4):343-355.
Crossref

 

Pleiss J, Fischer M, Schmid RD (1998). The Lipase Engineering Database: a navigation and analysis tool for protein families. Chem. Phys. Lipids 93:67-80.
Crossref

 
 

Pradhan A, Shrestha D, McAloon A, Yee W, Haas M, Duffield J (2009). Energy life-cycle assessment of soybean bio-diesel. United States Department of Agri- culture. Agricultural economic report.

 
 

Ranganathan SV, Narasimhan SL, Muthukumar K (2008). An overview of enzymatic production of biodiesel. Bioresour. Technol. 99:3975-3981.
Crossref

 
 

Robles-Medina A, Gonzalez-Moreno PA, Esteban-Cerdan L, Molina-Grima E (2009). Biocatalysis: Towards ever greener biodiesel production. Biotechnol. Adv. 27:398-408.
Crossref

 
 

Sadeghinezhad E., Kazi S.N., Badarudin A., Oon C.S., Zubir M.N.M., Mehrali Mohammad (2013). A comprehensive review for biodiesel as alternative fuel for compression ignition engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 28; 410–424.
Crossref

 
 

Saka S, Kusdiana D (2001). Biodiesel fuel from rapeseed oil as prepared in supercritical methanol. Fuel 80:225-231.
Crossref

 
 

Santana GCS, Martins PF, Silva NL, Batistella CB, Filho RM, Maciel MRW (2010). Simulation and cost estimate for biodiesel production using castor oil. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 88:626-632.
Crossref

 
 

Seth S, Chakravorty D, Dubey VK, Patra S (2014). An insight into plant lipase research – Challenges encountered. Protein Express Purif. 95:13-21.
Crossref

 
 

Shimada Y, Watanabe Y, Samukawa T, Sugihara A, Noda H, Fukuda H, Tominaga Y (1999). Conversion of vegetable oil to biodiesel using immobilized Candida Antarctica lipase. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 76:789-93.
Crossref

 
 

Shimada Y, Watanabe Y, Sugihara A, Tominaga Y (2002). Enzymatic alcoholysis for biodiesel fuel production and application of the reaction to oil processing. J. Mol. Catal. B Enzym. 17:133-142.
Crossref

 
 

Simons JW, Egmond MR, Gotz F, Verheij HM (1998). Biochemical properties of staphylococcal (phospho) lipases. Chem. Phys. Lipids 93:27-37
Crossref

 
 

Sokpon N, Lejoly J (1996). Les plantes à fruits comestibles d'une forêt semi-caducifoliée: Pobè, au Sud-est du Bénin. In: L'alimentation en forêt tropicale - Interactions bioculturelles et perspectives de développement. Volume 1: Les ressources alimentaires: Production et consommation. Editions UNESCO MAB. pp. 315-324.

 
 

Soumanou MM, Bornscheuer UT (2003). Improvement in lipase-catalyzed synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters from sunflower oil. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 33:97-103.
Crossref

 
 

Soumanou MM, Djenontin ST, Tchobo FP, Sohounhloue DC, & Bornscheuer UT (2012). Lipase‐catalysed biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas oil. Lipid Technology, 24(7):158-160.
Crossref

 
 

Sousaa JS, Cavalcanti-Oliveiraa EA, Gomes ADA, Freire DMG (2010). Application of lipase from the physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) to a new hybrid (enzyme/chemical) hydroesterification process for biodiesel production. J. Mol. Catal. B Enzym. 65:133-137.
Crossref

 
 

Srivastava A, Prasad R (2000) Triglycerides-based diesel fuels. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 4:111-133.
Crossref

 
 

Tamboura HH, Bayala B, Lom M, Guissou IP, Sawadogo L (2005). Ecological distribution, morphological characteristics and acute toxicity of aqueous extracts of Holarrhena floribunda (g. don) Durand & Schinz, Leptadenia hastate (pers.) decne and Cassia sieberiana (d c) used by veterinary healers in Burkina Faso. Afr. J. Tradit. CAM. 2(1):13-24.

 
 

Tan TW, Lu JK, Nie KL, Deng L, Wang F (2010). Biodiesel production with immobilized lipase: A review. Biotechnol. Adv. 28:628-634.
Crossref

 
 

Tecelão C, Rivera I, Sandoval G, Ferreira-Dias S (2012). Carica papaya latex: A low‐cost biocatalyst for human milk fat substitutes production. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 114:266-276.
Crossref

 
 

Thirstrup K, Verger R, Carrière F (1994). Evidence for a pancreatic lipase subfamily with new kinetic properties. Biochemistry 33:2748-2756.
Crossref

 
 

Turner R (1995). Euphorbias. A gardeners' guide. London: Batsford. pp. 87-93.

 
 

Varma MN, Madras G, Chem J (2008). Kinetics of synthesis of butyl butyrate by esterification and transesterification in supercritical carbon dioxide. Technol. Biotechnol. 83:1135-1144.
Crossref

 
 

Villeneuve P (2003). Plant lipases and their applications in oils and fats modification. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 105:308-317.
Crossref

 
 

Villeneuve P, Pina M, Montet D, Graille J (1995). Carica papaya latex lipase: sn3 stereospecificity or short chain selectivity? Model chiral triglycerides are removing the ambiguity. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 72:753-755.
Crossref

 
 

Villeneuve P, Pina M, Skarbek A, Graille J, Foglia T (1997a). Carica papaya latex-catalyzed synthesis of structured triacylglycerols. Biotechnol. Tech. 11:91-94.
Crossref

 
 

Villeneuve P, Skarbek A, Pina M, Graille J, Foglia TA (1997b). Catalytic behavior of Carica papaya latex in transesterification reactions. Biotechnol. Tech. 11:637-639.
Crossref

 
 

Villeneuve P, Turon F, Caro Y, Escoffier R, Barea B, Barouh B, Lagoa R., Piomboa G, Pinaa M (2005). Lipase-catalyzed synthesis of canola phytosterols oleate esters as cholesterol lowering agents. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 37:150-155.
Crossref

 
 

Winayanuwattikun P, Kaewpiboon C, Piriyakananon K, Chulalaksananuku W, Yongvanich T, Svasti J (2011). Immobilized lipase from potential lipolytic microbes for catalyzing biodiesel production using palm oil as feedstock. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 10:1666-1673.

 
 

Wright H J, Segur JB, Clark HV, Coburn SK, Langdon EE, Du Puis RN (1944). A report on ester interchange. Oil Soap 21:145-148.
Crossref

 
 

Wu WH, Foglia TA, Marmer WN, Phillips JG (1999). Optimizing production of ethyl esters of grease using 95% ethanol by response surface methodology. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 76(4):571-621.
Crossref

 
 

Xu X (2000). Production of specific-structured triacylglycerols by lipase-catalyzed reactions: A review. Euro. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 102:287-303.
Crossref