African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4131

Full Length Research Paper

The influence of ownership structure on financial performance of privatized companies in Kenya

Esther Wanjugu Gitundu*
  • Esther Wanjugu Gitundu*
  • Division of Research and Extension, Egerton University, P.O Box, 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.
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Symon Kibet Kiprop
  • Symon Kibet Kiprop
  • Department of Economics, Egerton University P.O Box, 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.
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Lawrence Kangogo Kibet
  • Lawrence Kangogo Kibet
  • Department of Economics, Egerton University P.O Box, 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.
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Sifunjo E. Kisaka
  • Sifunjo E. Kisaka
  • Department of Finance and Accounting, University of Nairobi, P.O Box, 30197-00100 Nairobi, Kenya.
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  •  Received: 15 October 2015
  •  Accepted: 29 January 2016
  •  Published: 28 February 2016

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of ownership structure on financial performance of privatized companies in Kenya for the period of 2007 to 2013. The study was informed by the property rights, the agency and the resource based theories. Data was extracted from prospectuses and financial reports of privatized companies, obtained from the Capital Markets Authority (CMA) and the Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE). A unit root test was used to examine stationarity of data while a Hausman test determined the appropriate regression model. This study used a Fixed Effects (FE) regression model with a robust standard error option to control for heteroskedasticity and contemporaneous correlation which may lead to spurious results. The study found that ownership structure has a significant relationship with financial performance. Among individual variables, government ownership has a positive influence on Return on Assets (ROA) and the Tobin’s Q; but a negative effect on cost efficiency. Institutional shareholders have a positive influence on ROA and technical efficiency. Large individual investors have a positive influence on cost efficiency. Dispersed shareholders have a positive influence on ROA but a negative effect on cost efficiency. This study recommends that the Privatization Commission of Kenya should restructure ownership of privatized companies to reduce government and dispersed ownership further to pass more control and decision making to private investors. However, the government should retain some ownership in privatized firms to enhance shareholders confidence, protection of investments and managerial monitoring. A strategic institutional investor in each company should be identified and be allocated adequate ownership to enable privatized companies attract managerial and technical expertise crucial to improve governance and financial performance.

Key words: Privatization, SOEs, ownership structure, financial performance, Kenya.